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  1. Les effets des taxes à Toronto et Vancouver se font sentir. http://www.bnn.ca/montreal-emerges-as-luxury-real-estate-hot-spot-sotheby-s-1.860292
  2. Le marché de l'habitation montréalais plus en santé qu'à Toronto ou Vancouver Les dernières données de la Société canadienne d'hypothèques et de logement (SCHL) démontrent que le marché de l'habitation se porte plutôt bien à Montréal. Un texte de Marc Verreault Il n'y a pas de surévaluation des prix des habitations, contrairement à ce qui se produit à Toronto ou Vancouver. Lors du dernier trimestre de 2016, du côté des maisons unifamiliales, l'avantage était aux vendeurs sur l'île de Montréal, sur la Rive-Sud et à Laval, tandis que sur la Rive-Nord, c'était plutôt équilibré entre vendeurs et acheteurs. Par contre, la Rive-Nord est dans une situation particulière, puisque dans le marché de la copropriété, les acheteurs bénéficient d'un choix plus vaste. « Il y a eu beaucoup de constructions, ces dernières années, donc autant sur le marché de la revente que sur le marché du neuf, on voit beaucoup de stock, là », explique Marie-Claude Guillotte, analyste principale à la SCHL. Mme Guillotte observe aussi que le ralentissement des mises en chantier de copropriétés se poursuit, les promoteurs écoulant les condos invendus avant de démarrer de nouveaux projets. Pour ce qui est de l'année en cour, les conditions seront sensiblement les mêmes, estime l'analyste principale. « Du côté des mises en chantier, on s'attend à des niveaux autour de ce qu'on a eu en 2016; du côté du nombre de reventes, on s'attend à une légère augmentation, des prix aussi, il y a un peu de pression sur les prix, mais on est encore loin d'une accélération des prix », ajoute Mme Guillotte. Dans l'ensemble, les conditions de marché pour les maisons unifamiliales et les immeubles à revenus (plex) sont légèrement à l'avantage des vendeurs, contrairement à la copropriété, où les acheteurs sont favorisés. Le prix moyen des maisons dans la grande région de Montréal a augmenté d'un peu plus de 3 % en un an. http://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/1030391/marche-habitation-montrealais-donnees-schl-societe-hypotheques-logement-sante-toronto-vancouver
  3. not good. http://www.journaldemontreal.com/2017/04/05/la-banque-laurentienne-se-tourne-vers-lontario
  4. http://affaires.lapresse.ca/economie/immobilier/201704/06/01-5085937-immobilier-residentiel-les-acquisitions-chinoises-depassent-mont-royal.php Hâte de voir l'impact à moyen-terme. La PM WYNNE est supposée mettre en place des mesures concrètes sous peu en Ontario pour ralentir la hausse fulgurante des coûts immobliers.
  5. Toronto residents thought landlord's notice was an April Fools prank By Natalie Nanowski, CBC News (http://www.cbc.ca/news/cbc-news-online-news-staff-list-1.1294364) Posted: Apr 04, 2017 5:00 AM ET Last Updated: Apr 04, 2017 4:11 PM ET Most people expect their rent to go up each year, but not by 100 per cent. So you can imagine the shock AJ Merrick and Jon Moorhouse experienced when they got a letter from their landlord. "I thought it was an April Fools joke," said Merrick, a young marketing professional. "There's no way I'd pay that much for this apartment." But it wasn't a joke. Their two-bedroom condo located near Liberty Village was going up from $1,660 to $3,320. The notice outlined two options, either accept the rent increase or agree to vacate the unit by July 1. Wondering 'what good it would do to fight it' The letter AJ Merrick and Jon Moorhouse received about their rent increase. (Jon Moorhouse) "I just don't know what good it would do to fight it," Moorhouse said. "Realistically, they're probably trying to kick us out so they can sell the unit for the most profit." CBC Toronto tried to contact the company in charge of the rental unit, Urbancorp, which is described on its website as the "premier developer of the King West neighbourhood." The company's number is no longer in service and emails to their address listed online bounced. The company announced it had to undergo restructuring in April 2016 under the Bankruptcy Act. The lawyers handling that restructuring also didn't answer emails or calls Monday or Tuesday. A rent increase of 100 per cent is completely legal given the 1991 loophole, known formally as Bill 96. Buildings built after 1991 'the Wild West' It was introduced by the province two decades ago and allows landlords of any building constructed after 1991 to increase rent as they see fit. "This is a very shocking example of how broken the system is," said Coun. Josh Matlow, who chairs the city's tenant issues committee. "Buildings in this province built after 1991 are sort of the Wild West." Matlow, along with Coun. Ana Bailao, are pushing Ontario to change the Residential Tenancies Act (http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/city-council-committees-renters-tenants-changes-residential-tenancies-act-1.4049369), especially after CBC Toronto's No Fixed Address (http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/the-best-of-no-fixed-address-1.4022761) investigative series revealed that renters across the city were being priced out of their homes. Ontario is currently reviewing the legislation and Matlow says he'd like to sit down with the province when it's rewriting the rules. "Big changes need to be made as to how tenants are treated in this province, so that Toronto doesn't just become a playground for the rich. We want Toronto to be affordable and accessible." Days may be numbered for 1991 rule On Tuesday, Mayor John Tory weighed in with a similar message. "The private sector, in carrying out their own activities with respect to the rents they charge, should be very careful about what they do in instances like this because it can provoke the kind of legislative and policy reaction that is something they say would be very much against the interests of future construction of rental accommodation in the city of Toronto," said Tory. "And that would be a very bad thing for tenants and a very bad thing for the economy. " On Monday, Matlow and Bailao, who chairs the city's affordable housing committee, held a special joint meeting of their two committees at city hall where they presented eight recommendations to help regulate Toronto's rental market. Some of the recommendations include expanding rent control to buildings built after 1991, improving the supply of rental units and building homes in the city's laneways. Premier Kathleen Wynne hinted Tuesday that the days may be numbered for the 1991 rule. "The reality is, that there hasn't been rental built. There have not been rental buildings built in any comprehensive way and so that argument does not actually hold water with me at this point," Wynne said. The councillors' recommendations will be presented to the mayor's executive committee and council in the coming weeks. As for Moorhouse and Merrick, they're going to start looking for a new place to live. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/rent-toronto-condo-tenants-1.4054056
  6. The Global Financial Center Index published by the China Development Institude and Z/Yen partners in London ranks financials centers worlwide based on criterias such as business stability and environnement, technology and assessment by the financial community. Montreal ranks 14th up 1 spot since the last ranking 6 months ago, ahead of cities such as Geneva, Frankfurt or Paris. Highest ranked city in Canada is Toronto in 10th place, London tops chart ahead of New York and Singapore to round top 3. http://www.longfinance.net/images/gfci/gfci_21.pdf
  7. Air Canada Inaugurates Twice-Weekly, Non-Stop Service between Montreal and San Jose, Costa Rica - MarketWatch MONTREAL, Dec. 22, 2016 (Canada NewsWire via COMTEX) -- New seasonal service to be operated by Air Canada Rouge Air Canada today inaugurated new twice-weekly flights between Montreal and Costa Rica. This morning's departure of Air Canada Rouge flight AC1844 begins non-stop service from Montreal to Costa Rica's Juan Santamaría International Airport that will operate until April 23, 2017. "Air Canada is very pleased to inaugurate this new, seasonal service between Montreal and Costa Rica, providing customers even more options when travelling to this popular Latin American vacation destination. The new flight complements Air Canada's existing Toronto-San Jose service and our flights from Toronto and Montreal to Liberia in Costa Rica. It also serves to further support Air Canada's ongoing global expansion, which has seen capacity grow from its strategic Montreal hub by 20 per cent over the past two years," said Benjamin Smith, President, Passenger Airlines at Air Canada. –– ADVERTISEMENT –– Air Canada's San Jose flights will be operated by Air Canada Rouge, Air Canada's vacation carrier, with a 282-seat Boeing 767-300ER featuring two classes of service with 24 Premium Rouge seats and 256 seats in Economy Class. Flights provide for Aeroplan accumulation and redemption and, for eligible customers, priority check-in, Maple Leaf Lounge access in Toronto, priority boarding and other benefits.
  8. Si on doit constamment être bombarder d'opinions apocalyptiques sur Montréal, je crois que la diffusion des bonnes nouvelles devraient aussi être partager. L'article tient à y aller du titre "Toronto a les frais de garde les plus élevés au Canada", mais je trouve encore plus pertinent que Montréal a en fait les frais les plus bas. On parle d'une différence annuelle de 17,820$ par enfant. Comme l'article le mentionne c'est plus cher que d'envoyer ses enfants à l'université (on ne comparera pas les données des frais universitaires entre les deux ville en plus, même si...) ou c'est l'équivalent d'un deuxième hypothèque. Quel frein énorme au développement économique d'une ville. Si tu as deux ou trois enfants, ça ne vaut pratiquement pas le peine pour un des parents d'aller retourner travailler. http://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/1005326/cout-garderie-toronto-montreal-winnipeg
  9. An Artist’s Guide to Relocating From Trump’s America | artnet News [h=5]Politics[/h][h=1]An Artist’s Guide to Relocating From Trump’s America[/h]A definitive guide to finding the next art world Shangri-La. Christian Viveros-Fauné, December 9, 2016 More than 2200 people pose nude for photographer Spencer Tunick, on the steps of the Montreal Museum of Fine Art in Montreal, Canada, May 26, 2001. Photo by Jean Therroux/Getty Images. 5. Montréal Where Toronto is the hub of all things corporate, Montreal is Canada’s cultural hub. The city has plenty of commercial galleries and a smattering of respectable museums, but its beating heart remains its artist-run-centers—many of them established in the ’70s and ’80s as a way to explore art for art’s sake. To these can be added kunsthalles of a more recent vintage, including the DHC Foundation and Darling Foundry. Rent (an incredible $519 for a studio apartment) is about half what it is in Toronto and Vancouver, and a fraction of what you would pay for in London and New York. For those who bragged they’d move to Canada if Trump won, the train is now leaving the station. (I’m talking to you, Lena Dunham.) [h=5]Recommended Reading[/h][h=2]Must-See Art Guide: Montréal[/h]By Audrey Fair, Aug 28, 2014
  10. I'm going to enjoy the popcorn and watch the whiners come out "http://business.financialpost.com/news/transportation/air-canada-wants-torontos-pearson-airport-to-be-a-mega-hub-but-high-costs-stand-in-the-way" "Canada has long been an afterthought for the global aviation market, an out-of-the-way destination with taxes and fees so high that some five million Canadians a year trek across the border to fly out of cheaper U.S. airports. But Air Canada and the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) are determined to flip that view on its head by turning Toronto’s Pearson International Airport into a mega-hub on the scale of Amsterdam’s Schiphol, Singapore’s Changi or Dubai International Airport. Pearson is already well on its way to meeting that goal since it attracts more international passengers than any other airport in North America except John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) in New York City. Toronto’s primary airport is now the fourth-largest entry point by air into the United States, surpassing many large U.S. airports, according to National Bank analyst Cameron Doerksen. But to become a true mega-hub comparable in scope and status to the Dubais of the world, a lot needs to change. Pesky taxes and fees make Pearson “the most expensive airport in the world at which to land a plane,” according to a 2012 Senate report. There’s also the problem of congestion — in the airport, on its runways and on surrounding roadways — that will only get worse unless significant investments are made in infrastructure. If these issues aren’t addressed, Pearson could miss out on an opportunity to become part of the exclusive mega-hub club — there are currently only 11 worldwide — and all the attendant economic benefits, including the creation of more than 200,000 jobs in the area. Jack Boland / Toronto Sun / QMI Agency Jack Boland / Toronto Sun / QMI AgencyToronto's Pearson International Airport is a hub for passengers coming into Canada domestically and internationally. The GTAA, which manages and operates Pearson, defines a mega-hub as an airport that processes 50 million passengers a year, including at least 20 million international passengers, and connects to 80 per cent of the global economy. Pearson is pretty close to those numbers. In 2015, it moved 41 million passengers, including 25 million international travellers, and connected to 67 per cent of the global economy. It was recently ranked 19th in the world for its connectivity — sandwiched between Philadelphia, which is not a mega-hub, and Frankfurt, which is — by air-travel intelligence company OAG. There’s plenty of potential for further growth at Pearson. Howard Eng, GTAA’s chief executive, said the airport has the largest catchment area — defined as the population within a 90-minute flight — of any airport in North America, bigger than even JFK or Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). Pearson also has an enthusiastic partner in Air Canada, which accounts for 57.6 per cent of the airport’s seat capacity, according to the Centre for Aviation, and has been pursuing an aggressive international growth strategy using its new fleet of Boeing 787s. To support Air Canada, the GTAA has agreed to fix the airline’s fees for 10 years in exchange for agreed-upon passenger growth targets, and will offer rebates if it exceeds those targets. “They want to be a mega-carrier and, as a result of that, they need a mega-hub to work out of,” Eng said in an interview. “We’re both aligned on the concept.” One of Air Canada’s main growth pillars is expanding so-called sixth-freedom traffic, or traffic from a second country to a third country via an airline’s home market. In Air Canada’s case, that primarily means Americans travelling from their home cities via Toronto to destinations in Europe or Asia. The airline’s stated goal is to attract a 1.5-per-cent “fair share” of the U.S. sixth-freedom market, which would add $600 to $700 million in incremental revenue, but chief executive Calin Rovinescu said it can probably do “much better than that.” “We’ve been basically increasing our sixth-freedom flying by mid-to high-teen (percentages) in each of the last two years,” Rovinescu said in a recent interview. He hopes to turn Pearson into a “world-class hub” comparable to Amsterdam, Singapore or Dubai. Related How you can nab premium flights without paying through the nose Air Canada ready to compete with new, low-cost airlines, CEO says “Those countries don’t have a large population base, but they have built very powerful hubs,” Rovinescu said. “Toronto is still relatively speaking underserved in terms of the catchment area and the market potential for it.” But in order to become a truly successful mega-hub, Pearson will need to overcome two major limitations. The first is those exceedingly high costs that drive so many Canadians to U.S. border airports — the equivalent of 64 Boeing 737s every day, according to a 2012 report by the Standing Senate Committee on Transport and Communications. The World Economic Forum’s 2015 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report ranked Canada 124th out of 141 countries on price competitiveness. This is a function of Canada’s “antiquated” national airport model, according to a recent review of the Canada Transportation Act (CTA) by former federal cabinet minister David Emerson. In 1994, the federal government transferred the management, operation and development of 26 major airports to non-profit airport authorities while retaining ownership of their land and fixed assets and charging them rent. The GTAA pays Ottawa $130 million a year in ground rents for Pearson. Add in government security charges and, in Ontario, a jet-fuel tax that will hit 6.7 cents a litre by April 2017, and the airport is at a real cost disadvantage compared to its competitors. Tyler Anderson/National Post Tyler Anderson/National PostHoward Eng, president and CEO of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) Pearson’s landing charges alone are “twice that at Boston Logan, a third more than at Chicago O’Hare,” said David Bentley, chief airport analyst at the Australia-based Centre for Aviation. “You know why that is? It’s because of the ridiculous rents that they have to pay.” Emerson’s review of the CTA concluded that the solution is to move towards a fully privatized, for-profit structure with equity-based financing from large institutional investors. “Will privatization make a difference to Canada? I think it probably would,” Bentley said. “Toronto would become more efficient in terms of its costs to airlines and, therefore, could compete better with the likes of Chicago and other airports in the region.” Eng at the GTAA will not say whether he’d prefer a share-capital structure to the current non-profit system. But he’s quick to emphasize that Pearson is already run like a private entity, paying down $500 million in debt over the past four years and investing $700 million of capital in airport infrastructure and amenities since 2010. Pearson has also frozen or reduced the airlines’ average aeronautical fees per passenger for eight consecutive years, for a total reduction of 30 per cent since 2007. “We run it like a private corporation,” Eng said. “My focus is on how we can generate the revenue in order to pay down the debt, reinvest in the airport and create the facility that’s needed to process the passengers.” The second limitation at Pearson is congestion. The airport’s passenger traffic has grown so rapidly that the airport’s infrastructure — its security and customs checkpoints, runways, de-icing stations and even the surrounding roads — are having trouble keeping up. “A lot of people say there’s no competition for airports because every city has one large airport,” Eng said. “But once you’re into the global hub status, in Pearson’s case almost 35 to 40 per cent of our traffic is what we call transfer traffic, they have a choice.” Passengers who are connecting to another destination are generally looking for the shortest connection time, he said. To that end, Pearson is working to improve the flow of passengers and luggage by offering things such as self-serve baggage drops, automated border kiosks and automatic luggage transfers for passengers travelling from certain global cities to other Canadian destinations. However, Eng stressed that Pearson also needs the government’s help to speed up security and border processing times, which are notoriously slow. Most passengers at Pearson wait 20 minutes for pre-board screening compared to five minutes for 95 per cent of passengers at London’s Heathrow Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. “We’re not asking for a special favour, (just) that they provide their processes in a manner that is equivalent to what the best airports are doing around the world,” he said. Ernest Doroszuk/Toronto Sun/QMI Agency Ernest Doroszuk/Toronto Sun/QMI AgencyTravellers at Terminal 1 at Toronto Pearson International Airport The GTAA is also working with other airports in southern Ontario, including those in Hamilton, London and Kitchener-Waterloo, to encourage them to take some of the burden off Pearson by providing more short-haul, private-jet, cargo and charter flights. Another key part of Pearson’s mega-hub strategy is to improve the notoriously bad road traffic around the airport region. According to the GTAA, only 10 per cent of Pearson’s passengers arrive on public transit compared to 39 per cent in Amsterdam and 63 per cent in Hong Kong. A recent study by the Neptis Foundation found that there are a million car trips per day in and out of the Pearson region by employees and travellers. The recent launch of the Union Pearson Express rail line to downtown Toronto has helped, but “not enough,” Eng said. “We probably need various domestic lines, special lines, high-speed rail lines,” he said, adding that the GTAA is prepared to help fund the development of a ground-transportation hub at the airport, but it will need government support as well. fp1201_mega_hub_transitIf Pearson isn’t able to lower its costs and improve its infrastructure, it could miss out on a huge potential economic opportunity. According to Frontier Economics, becoming a mega-hub will increase the airport economic zone’s GDP by 75 per cent to $62.1 billion and create more than 200,000 jobs by 2030. “Airports are changing from city airports to airport cities,” said John Kasarda, director of the Center for Air Commerce at the University of North Carolina. Kasarda devised the concept of the “aerotropolis,” a notion that airports are far more than just transportation infrastructure, but rather anchors of regional business development. “The 21st-century airport is quite different than the 20th-century airport,” he said. “They’re multi-modal, multi-functional enterprises that attract a substantial amount of commercial development.” This can create a virtuous circle of expansion, Kasarda added. “Not only does the better airline connectivity, the route structure, serve as this magnet for business, but as business grows it generates greater volumes of passengers and cargo, which supports more airline connectivity,” he said. “It’s mutually reinforcing.” Smoother connections can also help keep airlines’ costs down by generating more non-aeronautical revenue from retail, restaurants and other services. “It’s a necessity, not an option,” Kasarda said.
  11. Denis Coderre ouvert à l'instauration de péages sur les autoroutes <time datetime="2016-11-25T01:12:26Z" data-datetimelastpublished="2016-11-25T01:12:26Z">Publié le jeudi 24 novembre 2016 à 20 h 12</time> <figure class="bunker-component image-from-url-with-caption" data-component-name="ImageFromUrlWithCaption"> <figcaption> Des voitures avancent à pas de tortue sur une autoroute. Photo : iStock / iStock </figcaption> </figure> Alors que la Ville de Toronto plaide pour le péage, le maire de Montréal Denis Coderre ne ferme pas la porte à cette idée pour financer le transport collectif dans la métropole. Son homologue de Toronto, John Tory, a annoncé jeudi son intention de faire payer les automobilistes pour circuler sur deux autoroutes de la ville. Selon lui, c'est le seul moyen de financer l'amélioration des routes et du système de transport en commun. Le maire de Montréal dit avoir d'ailleurs discuté de cette question avec John Tory lors de leur mission économique en Israël et en Cisjordanie plus tôt ce mois-ci. Il affirme toujours être contre un péage pour le pont Champlain, mais il en va autrement lorsqu'il s'agit de financer le transport collectif. Il soutient que la Commission métropolitaine de Montréal (CMM) et la future Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) devront avoir une réflexion sur tous les moyens de financer le transport collectif. « Pourquoi j’étais contre le péage sur le pont Champlain? Parce qu’on voulait financer un pont, pas le transport collectif. Mais quand vous avez eu le pont de l’autoroute 30 ou de l’autoroute 25, ça les gens peuvent embarquer. Comme président de la CMM, je veux qu’on ait une réflexion à ce sujet. » Les tenants du transport collectif se réjouissent des propos du maire. « Le financement du transport collectif, c’est la clé pour offrir un service nettement amélioré dans la grande région métropolitaine. On en a besoin. Il faut avoir les moyens de ses ambitions. Toronto le prouve, il faut que Montréal fasse la même chose », affirme la porte-parole d'Alliance Transit, Coralie Deny. http://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/1002105/denis-coderre-ouvert-instauration-peages-routes
  12. I don't really foresee the volume of foreign capital required coming in to Mtl. and thus upsetting its affordability. There are too many vacant locations as is, and not enough population and economic growth to massively reverse the situation. The one-in-six rule: can Montreal fight gentrification by banning restaurants? | Cities | The Guardian The one-in-six rule: can Montreal fight gentrification by banning restaurants? A controversial law limiting new restaurant openings in Montreal’s Saint-Henri area has pitted business owners against those who believe they are fighting for the very survival of Canada’s ‘culture capital’. Who is right? In downtown Montreal, traditionally low rental rates are coming under severe pressure amid a deluge of new restaurants and cafes. Matthew Hays in Montreal Wednesday 16 November 2016 12.30 GMT Last modified on Wednesday 16 November 2016 12.31 GMT In Montreal’s Saint-Henri neighbourhood, the hallmarks of gentrification shout loud and clear. Beautiful old brick buildings have been refurbished as funky shops, niche food markets and hipster cafes. Most notably, there are plenty of high-end restaurants. More than plenty, say some local residents – many of whom can’t afford to eat in any of them. Earlier this month, the city council agreed enough was enough: the councillors of Montreal’s Southwest borough voted unanimously to restrict the opening of new restaurants. The bylaw roughly follows the “one-in-six” rule, with new eateries forbidden from opening up within 25 metres of an existing one. “Our idea was very simple,” says Craig Sauvé, a city councillor with the Projet Montreal party. “Residents need to be able to have access to a range of goods and services within walking distance of their homes. Lots of restaurants are fine and dandy, but we also needs grocery stores, bakeries and retail spaces.” It’s not as though Saint-Henri is saturated with business: a number of commercial and retail properties remain empty. In that environment, some residents have questioned whether it’s right to limit any business. Others felt that something had to be done. Tensions boiled over in May this year, when several restaurants were vandalised by a group of people wearing masks. At the grocery store Parreira Traiteur, which is attached to the restaurant 3734, vandals stole food, announcing they were taking from the rich and giving to the poor. “I was really quite shocked,” says co-owner Maxime Tremblay. “I’m very aware of what’s going on in Saint-Henri: it’s getting hip, and the rents are going up. I understand that it’s problematic. They were under the impression that my store targets people from outside the area, which isn’t really the case. I’ve been very careful to work with local producers and artisans. Why would you attack a locally owned business? Why not a franchise or chain?” Not everyone is sure the change in regulation will work. “The bylaw seems very abstract to me,” says Peter Morden, professor of applied human sciences at Concordia University who has written extensively on gentrification. “I wonder about the logic of singling out restaurants. I think the most important thing for that neighbourhood would be bylaws that protect low-income and social housing.” Alongside restaurants, chic coffee shops have become emblematic of Montreal’s pace of change. As the debate rages, Montrealers are looking anxiously at what has happened to Canada’s two other major metropolises, Toronto and Vancouver. Both cities have experienced huge spikes in real-estate prices and rents, to the point where even upper-middle-class earners now feel shut out of the market. Much of Vancouver’s problem has been attributed to foreign property ownership and speculative buying, something the British Columbia government is now attempting to address. This has led to concern that many of the foreign buyers – mainly Chinese investors – could shift their focus to Montreal. For now, the city’s real estate is markedly cheaper than that of Vancouver or Toronto: the average residential property value is $364,699, compared with Toronto’s $755,755 and Vancouver’s $864,566, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association. And rent is cheaper, too: the average for a two-bedroom apartment in central Montreal is $760, compared with Toronto’s $1,288 and Vancouver’s $1,368. Montrealers have little desire for their city to emulate Vancouver’s glass-and-steel skyline. The reasons for this are debatable – the never-entirely-dormant threat of Quebec separatism, the city’s high number of rental units and older buildings, its strict rent-control laws and a small-court system seen to generally favour the rights of tenants. But regardless of why it’s so affordable, many Montrealers want it to stay that way. There is widespread hostility towards the seemingly endless array of glass-and-steel condos that have come to dominate the Vancouver and Toronto skylines. If Montreal does look a bit grittier than other Canadian cities, it owns a unique cultural cachet. The inexpensive cost of living makes it much more inviting to artists, which in turn makes the city a better place to live for everyone; its vibrant musical scene is the envy of the country, and its film, dance and theatre scenes bolster the city’s status as a tourist attraction. In this context, Montreal’s restaurant bylaw is designed to protect the city’s greatest asset: its cheap rents. “I would argue this is a moderate bylaw,” says Sauvé. “We’re just saying one out of every six businesses can be a restaurant. There’s still room for restaurant development.” He says the restaurant restriction is only part of Projet Montreal’s plans, which also include increased funding for social housing. “Right now, the city sets aside a million dollars a year to buy land for social housing. Projet Montreal is proposing we spend $100m a year. The Quebec government hasn’t helped with its austerity cuts: in the last two budgets, they have cut funding for social housing in half. There are 25,000 people on a waiting list.” Perhaps surprisingly, the provincial restaurant lobby group, the Association des Restaurateurs du Quebec, doesn’t have an issue with the bylaw. “We understand the impact gentrification can have,” says spokesperson Dominique Tremblay. “We understand the need for a diversity of businesses. Frankly, if there are too many restaurants on one street, it’ll be that much harder for them to stay open. There won’t be enough customers to go around.” Even despite having been robbed, Tremblay says he recognises the anxiety that swirls around the subject of gentrification. “People feel a neighbourhood loses its soul,” he says. “I get that. I’d rather we find a dialogue, not a fight.”
  13. La Bourse de Montréal déménagera en 2018 dans la Tour Deloitte, un nouvel immeuble situé tout près du Centre Bell, au centre-ville. Un bail à long terme a été signé et les travaux pour adapter l'espace aux besoins des futurs locataires débuteront cet automne. Dans un communiqué conjoint publié jeudi, la firme immobilière Cadillac Fairview et le Groupe TMX ajoutent que les bureaux montréalais de la Caisse canadienne de dépôt de valeurs, de la Corporation canadienne de compensation de produits dérivés, de la Bourse de Toronto et de la Bourse de croissance TSX occuperont approximativement 44 000 pieds carrés répartis sur deux des 26 étages de cette tour de bureaux. Lou Eccleston, Chef de la direction, Groupe TMX, soutient que la nouvelle Tour Deloitte proposera un environnement de travail inspirant, durable, adapté aux besoins des employés et situé à proximité des clients locaux. La Bourse de Montréal est installée depuis 1965 dans la Tour de la Bourse, au Square Victoria.
  14. http://www.lapresse.ca/voyage/destinations/quebec/201608/24/01-5013543-le-point-de-vue-deuropeens-en-visite-a-montreal.php Un nombre croissant d'Européens choisissent de venir passer leurs vacances au Québec. On les croise quotidiennement dans le Vieux-Montréal et à Québec, mais aussi en Mauricie, sur la Côte-Nord, en Gaspésie, au Lac-Saint-Jean, et même dans les pourvoiries éloignées des grands centres, où ils constituent souvent plus de la moitié de la clientèle. Une promenade dans le Vieux-Montréal nous a permis d'en rencontrer quelques-uns. Famille Blancher (Julie, Emmanuel et leurs filles Anna, 10 ans, et Lilly, 6 ans) Originaire de: Limoges (France) Durée du voyage: 2 semaines Itinéraire: Toronto, chutes du Niagara, Ottawa, parc de la Mauricie, Québec, Baie-Saint-Paul, Tadoussac, fjord du Saguenay, Montréal «Notre grand coup de coeur, c'est le fjord du Saguenay, mais nous avons beaucoup aimé la nature sauvage, tous ces grands espaces, c'est magnifique! Nous avons été très étonnés par le côté américain des grandes villes - la largeur des rues, la hauteur des immeubles, etc. - et par le côté cosmopolite de Montréal. Nous avons aussi été frappés par la grande gentillesse des gens, par leur ouverture.» Hahhah Herty Originaire de: Nuremberg (Allemagne) Durée du voyage: 2 mois Itinéraire: Montréal (depuis trois semaines), Québec, Tadoussac, les parcs nationaux, éventuellement le Nouveau-Brunswick «Je suis venue suivre des cours de français, mais pour ça, j'aurais mieux fait d'aller en France parce que tout le monde est bilingue ici. Dès qu'ils voient que je bloque, les gens me parlent en anglais! dit-elle en riant. Plus sérieusement, j'aime beaucoup l'ouverture d'esprit des gens, on peut parler de tout, même de politique. J'ai eu de superbes conversations dans mes cours. L'atmosphère de Montréal me plaît beaucoup. C'est très cool!» Famille Audenino (Claire, Alain et leur fils, Guillaume, 18 ans) Originaire de: Versailles (France) Durée du voyage: 15 jours Itinéraire: Toronto, Montréal, Québec, fjord du Saguenay, Montréal «En ville, ce qui nous étonne le plus, c'est le mélange des cultures européenne et américaine. On se sent comme entre les deux, c'est très agréable», dit Alain. «Montréal est très cool, on se sent en sécurité partout, ajoute sa femme. Et évidemment, la nature, les grands espaces... tout est plus grand ici qu'en Europe!» Stéphane Binke et sa fille Marion, 17 ans Originaire de: Cannes (France) Durée du voyage: 15 jours Itinéraire: Montréal et Laurentides «C'est la troisième fois que nous venons, et chaque fois nous sommes émerveillés. Les deux premières fois, nous avons fait un grand tour (Québec, Saguenay, Tadoussac, Gaspésie, etc.). Cette fois, comme nous avons des amis à L'Estérel, nous avons choisi de rester un peu plus sur Montréal. Vous êtes bien, ici. Il y a une zénitude qu'on ne trouve plus en France. D'ailleurs, j'espère pouvoir venir m'installer. C'est un peu pour ça que nous sommes là.» Famille Bouëxel (Patrice, Béatrice et leurs enfants Théa, 16 ans, et Maxime, 20 ans) Originaire de: Paris, mais Bretons d'origine (France) Durée du voyage: 3 semaines Itinéraire: Toronto, Mille-Îles, Ottawa, Tremblant, Québec, La Malbaie, fjord du Saguenay, Lac-Saint-Jean, Montréal «Ce qui nous épate, ce sont bien sûr tous ces grands espaces, mais aussi la gentillesse des gens, leur accueil, leur ouverture. La propreté, aussi, notamment dans le métro, on ne voit pas ça chez nous!» Famille Sanchez (Michaël, Caroline et leurs enfants Kyan, 3 ans, et Arvin, 1 an) Originaire de: Paris (France) Durée du voyage: 3 semaines Itinéraire: Toronto, Montréal, Mauricie, Lac-Saint-Jean, fjord du Saguenay, Québec «Nous venons de mettre le pied à Montréal. Nous avons beaucoup aimé Toronto, c'est une ville intéressante. À Montréal, ce qui nous frappe pour l'instant, c'est qu'il y a beaucoup de travaux!»
  15. http://www.cbc.ca/beta/news/canada/montreal/montreal-real-estate-tax-foreign-investors-vancouver-1.3704178 A new tax on foreign buyers in Vancouver has real estate agents predicting a spillover effect into other Canadian markets. But it's unclear if Montreal, often an outlier when it comes to real estate trends, will be among them. "I really don't think this is something that's looming for Montreal," said Martin Desjardins, a local realtor. The market here is "nothing compared to what's happening in Toronto and Vancouver," he said. The new 15 per cent tax, which took effect Tuesday, was introduced by the British Columbia government with the intent of improving home affordability in Metro Vancouver, where house prices are among the highest in North America. Ontario Finance Minister Charles Sousa has said he is examining the possibility of a similar tax "very closely," as a measure to address Toronto's skyrocketing home prices. Experts believe the Vancouver tax could exacerbate the booming housing market in Toronto and, potentially, affect other Canadian cities. Brad Henderson, president and CEO of Sotheby's International Realty Canada, said some foreign nationals could turn to areas not subject to a tax — either elsewhere in British Columbia or farther afield. "Certainly I think Toronto and potentially other markets like Montreal will start to become more attractive, because comparatively speaking they will be less expensive,'' Henderson said. However, the Montreal market has so far remained off the radar of foreign investors. France, U.S top Montreal foreign buyers the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation said the number of foreign investors in the Montreal area is small and concentrated in condominiums in the city's downtown. The report found that 1.3 per cent of condominiums in the greater Montreal region were owned by foreigners last year. That number jumps to nearly five per cent in the city's downtown. Residents of the United States and France accounted for the majority of foreign buyers, while China (at eight per cent) and Saudi Arabia (five per cent) accounted for far fewer buyers. Francis Cortellino, the CMHC market analyst who prepared the study, said it's difficult to determine whether the Vancouver tax will change the situation much in Montreal. "We're not sure yet what [buyers] will do," he said. "There are a lot of possibilities." In Montreal, Desjardins said the foreign real estate buyers most often operate on a much smaller scale, often consisting of "mom and pop investors" or people from France looking for a more affordable lifestyle. "I don't think it will ever be to the point where we'll have to put a tax," he said. Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
  16. http://www.ledevoir.com/economie/actualites-economiques/476392/immobilier-l-ontario-pourrait-taxer-les-achats-faits-par-des-etrangers Immobilier: l’Ontario pourrait taxer les achats faits par des étrangers 27 juillet 2016 |François Desjardins | Actualités économiques La Colombie-Britannique veut réduire la pression sur les prix de l’immobilier en taxant notamment les achats faits par des étrangers. L’Ontario, également aux prises avec une surchauffe immobilière, pourrait s’inspirer de la province de l’Ouest. La taxe sur les transactions immobilières bouclées par des étrangers en Colombie-Britannique pourrait un jour en inspirer d’autres à l’imposer, notamment l’Ontario, dont le ministre des Finances a reconnu mardi qu’il étudie de très près cette possibilité. Québec n’a pas envisagé cette avenue. Alors que les prix de l’immobilier du Grand Montréal ont augmenté de 1,9 % sur un an et de 9,3 % sur cinq ans, selon les données de l’industrie canadienne, la situation à Toronto et à Vancouver continue de préoccuper. Dans le premier cas, les prix ont bondi de 16 % et de 51 % sur les mêmes périodes. Dans le deuxième, les hausses sont de 32 % et de 50,5 %. À Vancouver, le prix moyen d’une maison unifamiliale est maintenant de 1,77 million, deux fois plus qu’à Toronto, selon les informations publiées il y a deux semaines par les chambres immobilières de ces villes. Pour tenter de contrôler la situation, qui complique grandement l’accessibilité à la propriété pour les premiers acheteurs, la Colombie-Britannique veut imposer aux étrangers une taxe de 15 % sur le prix d’achat d’une résidence dans la région de Vancouver. Cette mesure extrêmement ciblée s’ajoute à un resserrement général des règles dicté par Ottawa depuis quelques années. « Je salue ce que le ministre de Jong a mis en avant », a dit en conférence de presse le ministre des Finances de l’Ontario, Charles Sousa. « Nous étudions certainement toutes les options. » À Québec, ce genre de scénario n’a « pas été envisagé, considérant que nous ne sommes pas dans le même contexte », a indiqué au Devoir l’attachée de presse du ministre délégué aux Finances, Catherine Poulin. L’annonce faite par la Colombie-Britannique a suscité mardi beaucoup de réactions de la part d’analystes. Le geste pourrait avoir comme conséquence d’exercer une forte pression à la hausse sur les prix torontois, car les étrangers seront portés à regarder ailleurs que le marché de Vancouver, a estimé la Banque TD. « Compte tenu d’une part de marché des étrangers de 5 à 14 % [à Vancouver], notre modèle prévoit une baisse de 15 à 20 % du nombre de ventes au cours des trois prochains trimestres et d’une diminution de 5 % du prix moyen », ont écrit deux économistes de la TD, Michael Dolega et Diana Petramal, dans une note aux clients. Puisque la province surveille déjà de près les achats immobiliers faits par des étrangers, nous saurons d’ici le mois de septembre si la mesure fonctionne, a dit au Devoir John Andrew, professeur à l’Université Queen’s où il dirige la Real Estate Roundtable, qui réunit les acteurs de l’industrie pour échanger sur les pratiques immobilières. « Si vous êtes un investisseur de Hong Kong, verrez-vous le marché de Vancouver comme étant abordable, êtes-vous en train de sortir de l’argent de votre pays ? Qui sait quels sont les avantages fiscaux ? Qui sait d’où provient précisément l’argent ? se demande M. Andrew. Je crois que l’Ontario pourrait souhaiter faire la même chose, mais il n’y a pas tant d’activités étrangères à l’extérieur du créneau des condos. » Scénarios Mardi matin, l’organisme fédéral de surveillance de l’industrie financière a demandé à certaines institutions de simuler des chutes de prix de l’immobilier afin de mesurer leur résistance aux chocs. La demande ne vise pas les grandes banques, mais les autres institutions financières qui consentent des prêts hypothécaires. L’avis du Bureau du surintendant des institutions financières (BSIF) les prie de simuler une descente de 50 % pour Vancouver, de 40 % pour Toronto et de 30 % pour le reste du pays, une exigence qui survient deux semaines après avoir insisté sur la prudence dans les prêts hypothécaires résidentiels. « La faiblesse persistante des taux d’intérêt, les taux records d’endettement des ménages et la hausse rapide du prix des logements dans certaines régions du pays (notamment dans les grandes régions de Vancouver et de Toronto) pourraient entraîner des pertes sur prêts considérables si les conditions économiques devaient se détériorer », a écrit le BSIF le 7 juillet. « Les institutions financières peuvent encourir des pertes découlant à la fois de la possibilité que les emprunteurs ne puissent rembourser leurs dettes et du déclin de la valeur des biens immobiliers résidentiels auxquels sont adossés les prêts hypothécaires », a ajouté le Bureau du surintendant.
  17. http://plus.lapresse.ca/screens/c08b2208-a327-4775-a5fc-489e8e3b03c4%7C_0.html Sent from my SM-T330NU using Tapatalk
  18. Air Transat Eté Summer 2017

    Vols Air Transat 2017 ouverts à la réservation. Plan de vols Le plan de vols au départ de la Belgique (et des Pays-Bas) pour 2017 est presque similaire à celui de cette année. Le premier vol entre Bruxelles et Montréal aura lieu le 26 avril 2017. Au départ d’Amsterdam le premier vol vers Toronto aura lieu le 20 avril 2017 et celui vers Vancouver, le 6 mai. Vous trouverez ci-joint le plan de vols complet. Vols domestiques Grâce à un vol domestique entre Montréal et Toronto, les voyageurs peuvent au départ de Bruxelles peuvent rejoindre Toronto après un changement d’avion rapide à Montréal. Les voyageurs au départ d’Amsterdam peuvent prendre un vol direct vers Toronto et ensuite prendre facilement une correspondance vers Montréal. Grâce à ces vols domestiques supplémentaires, Air Transat permet aux passagers de rejoindre facilement toutes les grandes villes canadiennes et de poursuivre leur découverte du Canada. http://travel360benelux.com/fr/air-transat/vols-air-transat-2017-ouverts-a-la-reservation/
  19. Quel choix de sujet pour l'article sur Montreal cette semaine dans la section CITIES dans The Guardian quand on compare avec l'article publie sur Toronto ! Jack Todd me déçoit beaucoup ! Welcome to the new Toronto: the most fascinatingly boring city in the world https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/04/new-toronto-most-fascinatingly-boring-city-guardian-canada-week https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/06/40-year-hangover-1976-olympic-games-broke-montreal-canada?CMP=fb_a-cities_b-gdncities#comments Cities Guardian Canada week The 40-year hangover: how the 1976 Olympics nearly broke Montreal The Montreal Olympics left the city with a C$1.6bn debt, a string of corruption scandals, and a creeping sense of economic and social decline. Forty years on, how did the city survive? Mayor Jean Drapeau stands in the Olympic Stadium, Montreal. Photograph: Graham Bezant/Toronto Star/Getty Cities is supported by Jack Todd in Montreal Wednesday 6 July 2016 07.30 BSTLast modified on Wednesday 6 July 201611.17 BST Shares 714 Comments 93 Save for later There is a moment before all our global sporting extravaganzas when it all seems poised on a knife edge. Helicopters hover above the stadium, keyed-up athletes shuffle and bounce with excess energy, and organisers bite their nails as they try to hold down nervous stomachs, worried that despite years of planning and the expenditure of billions, it will all go desperately wrong. Then the trumpets sound, thousands of young people take part in colourful charades, pop stars fight a losing battle with hopeless stadium acoustics – and the Games begin. The formula is pretty much set in stone, but in 1976 Montreal added a wrinkle. On 17 July, with Queen Elizabeth, Canadian prime minister Pierre Trudeau and 73,000 people looking on, the Greek athletes who traditionally led the Parade of Nations came up the ramp toward the Olympic stadium to find their way almost blocked by construction workers. Out of sight of the cameras and the throng inside the stadium, the staff were frantically wielding shovels and brooms to clear away the building debris left from the manic push to complete the facility on time. In the final scrambling months before the Games, 3,000 labourers had worked in teams 24 hours a day to make it possible for the Olympics to begin at all. They barely succeeded. Two weeks later, when the last athlete had gone home, Montreal woke up to what remains the worst hangover in Olympic history: not just a bill that came in at 13 times the original estimate, a string of officials convicted of breach of trust and the greatest white elephant of a stadium ever built, but a creeping sense of economic and social decline. Forty years on, no other Olympics has so thoroughly broken a city. Facebook Twitter Pinterest The opening ceremony of the 1976 Montreal Games. Photograph: Tony Duffy/Getty Images*** Advertisement When I arrived in Montreal five years earlier, a war resister from Nebraska with little French and less money, the city was enduring its harshest winter on record. Montreal would receive more than 152 inches of snow in 1970-71, including a March blizzard that killed 17 people. The endless snow, in a sense, was a mercy. It turned down the heat on the city’s simmering political crisis, which had boiled over the previous Octoberwhen the terrorist Front du Libération du Quebec (FLQ) kidnapped the British consul, James Cross, and the province’s minister of justice, Pierre Laporte. Prime minister Trudeau responded by imposing martial law. Armoured personnel carriers patrolled the streets and troops detained hundreds of people without charges. The FLQ would murder Laporte on 17 October. They released Cross on 3 December, effectively ending the crisis but leaving the city battered, bruised and tense. Even before the kidnappings, Montreal was jittery from a series of FLQ bombs: 95 in total, the largest of which blew out the northeast wall of the Montreal Stock Exchange. And yet, in those years, the best place to get a sense of what Montreal was and might have been was Le Bistro. It was really Chez Lou Lou, although no one called it that, and it featured more or less authentic Parisian ambience, right down to the surly French waiters. When I could afford it, Le Bistro was my favourite destination on a weekend morning. One especially frigid Saturday, Leonard Cohen sat at the next table with a blonde companion, both of them sporting deepwater tans from the Greek islands, looking blasé about it all. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Leonard Cohen was born in Westmount, Montreal. Photograph: Roz Kelly/Getty ImagesMontrealers could afford to be blasé. The city was everything that Toronto, its rival, 300 miles to the south-west, was not: urbane, sophisticated, hip, a place where you could dine well and party until the bars closed at 3am. In Toronto, they rolled up the streets at 11pm and toasted the Queen at public functions. Montreal was not just the financial capital of Canada, it was also the most European of North American cities, half English-speaking but overwhelmingly French, profoundly cultured and unfailingly elegant, where the old stone of the cathedrals met the Bauhaus steel-and-glass towers of Mies van der Rohe’s Westmount Square. The crowd at Le Bistro was a cross-section of cultural and political life in a city full of tensions, between separatism and federalism, English, French and Jewish, old money and new. There were political tensions that seemed to feed a creative ferment home that produced Cohen, the bombastic poet Irving Layton, the acerbic novelist Mordecai Richler, the politicians Pierre Trudeau and René Lévesque, the actor Geneviève Bujold and the film-maker Denys Arcand. The Olympics can no more run a deficit than a man can have a baby Jean Drapeau, in 1970 When, on 12 May 1970, during the 69th session of the International Olympic Committee held in Amsterdam, Montreal won out over competing bids from Moscow and Los Angeles to be awarded the Games of the XXI Olympiad, it seemed to signal another triumph. The city had hosted one of the most successful World’s Fairs ever in 1967, and a new baseball team, the Expos, began play in 1969, defeating the St Louis Cardinals 8-7 on 14 April at Jarry Park in the first regular season Major League game in Canada. Following those triumphs, the Olympics were sold to the Montreal public as being modest in design and, above all, inexpensive to stage. The mayor, Jean Drapeau – diminutive, autocratic, mustachioed – declared: “The Olympics can no more run a deficit than a man can have a baby.” *** Facebook Twitter Pinterest Leger (left) and Drapeau (right), listen as Taillibert describes the layout of Parc Olympique. Photograph: Bettmann/Bettmann ArchiveThe 1970 estimate was that the Games would cost C$120m (£65m) in total, with $71m budgeted for the Olympic Stadium itself. Drapeau took a personal hand in the stadium’s design. He and his chief engineer, Claude Phaneuf, selected the French architect Roger Taillibert, who had built the Parc des Princes in Paris and would also design the Olympic Village. Taillibert employed his own team of architects and engineers, and was respected for bringing in projects at, or at least near, budget. (The Parc des Princes, originally budgeted at $12m, cost $18m .) His conception for the “Big O” stadium was grandiose, in a style that might be called space-age fascist: it featured an enormous, inclined tower, the tallest such structure in the world, holding a retractable roof suspended from thick cables and looming over the stadium like a praying mantis over a turtle. There is no evidence, however, that either Taillibert or Drapeau ever had a handle on the management of the various construction sites. There were delays from the very beginning, and construction on the Olympic Park complex (including the Velodrome and Big O) began 18 months late, on 28 April 1973. This put Drapeau right where the powerful and militant Quebec labour unions (the Quebec Federation of Labour and the Confederation of National Trade Unions) wanted him: paying extravagant overtime bills. Out of a total of 530 potential working days between December 1974 and April 1976, the workers would be on strike for 155 days – 30% of the work time available. In one particularly crucial period of construction, from May until the end of October 1975, less than a year before the opening ceremonies were to commence, the unions walked off the job and no work was done at all. Oversight was utterly inadequate on every aspect of the project. During the inflationary 1970s, the price of structural steel alone tripled. In 1973, contractor Regis Trudeau, who had been awarded $6.9m in Olympic construction contracts, built a luxurious chalet costing $163,000 for Gerard Niding, who was Drapeau’s right-hand man and head of Montreal city council’s powerful executive committee. Only when a corruption commission forced his hand, five years later, did Trudeau finally produce a bill charging Niding for the house. Game off! Why the decline of street hockey is a crisis for our kids Read more By 1975, the provincial government had seen enough: they removed Taillibert and formed the Olympic Installations Board (pdf) (OIB) in an attempt to get a handle on the construction. Ironically, no one has since delivered a pithier assessment of the corruption than Taillibert himself. In 2011, he told le Devoir: “The construction of the Olympic Park and stadium showed me a level of organised corruption, theft, mediocrity, sabotage and indifference that I had never witnessed before and have never witnessed since. The system failed completely and every civil engineering firm involved knew they could just open this veritable cash register and serve themselves.” Drapeau himself was never charged or even suspected of personal corruption, but his remark about men having babies came back to haunt him. At the time, the physician Henry Morgentaler was much in the news for openly performing abortions. As the Olympic bill nearly tripled, to $310m, Montreal Gazette cartoonist Aislin drew one of the most famous cartoons of a brilliant career: it depicted a visibly pregnant Drapeau on the phone, saying: “‘Ello? Morgentaler?” *** When the Games finally opened, problems plagued the event itself, too. As it would do with debt, corruption and construction chaos, the Montreal Olympics inspired a trend in boycotts, when 22 African nations refused to participatebecause the IOC would not ban New Zealand for sending the All Blacks rugby team to tour apartheid South Africa. It caught on: western nations boycotted Moscow in 1980 over the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and communist nations retaliated in Los Angeles in 1984. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Montreal’s Olympic Stadium. Photograph: Design Pics Inc/Alamy Stock PhotoMontreal also broke the mould in security. Following the terrorist tragedy at Munich four years earlier, the security bill ended up running to another $100m (more than 80% of what the entire event was initially supposed to cost), not including the cost of the Canadian forces enlisted to help keep order. Meanwhile, some of the athletes were tainted by accusations of doping, including legendary Finnish postman and distance runner Lasse Virén, who was suspected of transfusing his own blood – a practice that was legal at the time, though Viren has always denied it. Far more serious was the treatment of East German athletes, who dominated their events in part because, the world later learned, they’d been fed performance-enhancing drugs for decades, sometimes without their knowledge, under a programme known as State Plan 14.25. Many later suffered psychological problems and had children with birth defects. The struggle in Iqaluit: north and south collide in Canada's Arctic capital Read more In the end, the athletes themselves redeemed at least some portion of the Olympic expense: the Games themselves went off relatively well. If the relentlessly self-promoting American decathlon gold medalist Bruce Jenner caused a few eyeballs to roll, he was overshadowed by the refrigerator-built Soviet weightlifter Vasily Alekseyev, who repeated his heavyweight gold from Munich and set an Olympic record in the snatch while lifting 440kg. And in the first full day of competition, the 14-year-old diminutive Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci earned a perfect 10 on the uneven bars – she went on to become the 1976 Olympics’ unquestioned individual star. Canada, meanwhile, became the first host nation to fail to win a gold medal on home soil, a feat made no less exceptional for being repeated at the Calgary Winter Olympics 12 years later. The glow began to fade with the closing ceremonies on 1 August. The final tally of the cost for the Olympics was $1.6bn, a more than 13-fold increase, including at least $1.1bn for the stadium alone. In popular lore, the Big O had officially become the Big Owe. When all was said and done, the city was left with debt that took 30 years to pay off. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Nadia Comăneci, of Romania, dismounts during a perfect 10 performance. Photograph: Paul Vathis/AP*** On 15 November 1976, running on a platform of good government in the wake of the scandals and cost overruns, René Lévesque’s separatist Parti Québecois (PQ) won its first provincial election. The PQ’s promise to hold a referendum on leaving Canada touched off a full-scale anglophone panic in bilingual Montreal, especially within the business community. Sun Life, the huge insurance company, was the first of a stream of Montreal-based corporations to move down Highway 401 to Toronto. When the referendum was eventually held in 1980, Lévesque and the “yes” side lost decisively, but by the end of the 1980s Canada’s financial capital had shifted firmly from St Jacques Street to Bay Street, Toronto. Between 1971 and 1981, the English-speaking population of Montreal declined by nearly 100,000; over the next 20 years – which included another referendum in 1995, that only kept Quebec in Canada by a narrow margin of 50.6% to 49.4% – it would shrink by another 100,000. It would take 30 years for the city of Montreal to retire the Olympic debt Like some medieval castle under a warlock’s curse, the Olympic stadium – visible from dozens of different vantage points in the city, an inescapable reminder of what went wrong – continued to be plagued with problems. In the 1980s, the tower caught fire. In August of 1986, a chunk of it fell on to the baseball field, forcing the Expos to postpone a game. In September of 1991, a bigger 55-tonne concrete slab fell on to an empty walkway. The OIB reassured the public no one was underneath it, prompting one columnist to ask: “How do they know?” The retractable roof never happened; instead, an orange Kevlar roof was finally installed in April of 1987. It tore repeatedly, until it was replaced in 1998 by a fixed roof, which cost another $37m. In the winter of the next year, that roof tore under a heavy snow load, sending a small avalanche of ice cascading on to workers preparing for a motor show. To this day, in a northern Canadian city that averages roughly 50cm of snow a month in winter, the Olympic Stadium cannot be used if the snow load exceeds 3cm. The OIB claims the only thing more expensive than a permanent steel roof (estimated cost: $200m-$300m) would be to tear the whole thing down (estimated cost: $1bn). Their figure has been widely debunked. The roof remains in place, and the Big O now lacks a full-time tenant: the Expos played their last game in 2004 and the franchise moved to Washington DC. Facebook Twitter Pinterest The 200,000 sq ft, 65-tonne Kevlar roof at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal was expected to last 25 years. Photograph: Shaun Best/ReutersThe stadium aside, Montreal did get some bang for its Olympic buck. The excellent Claude Robillard Sports Centre in the city’s north end is still used by thousands of athletes, and the one-time Velodrome has been converted to the Biodome, an enormously popular indoor nature museum. The claim has also been made that the Montreal Olympics proper turned a profit, which is true only if you chalk up the various purpose-built venues, the stadium in particular, to infrastructure. In any case, it would take 30 years for the city of Montreal to retire the Olympic debt. A commission headed by superior court judge Albert Malouf to probe Olympic corruption spent three years, and another $3m, before releasing a 908-page report in 1980 that laid blame squarely at the feet of the mayor. Taillibert, Phaneuf and others shared some of the responsibility, in Malouf’s view, but Drapeau was the principal culprit, with his hands-on style and his habit of turning a blind eye to the shenanigans around him. Top officials and contractors were convicted of fraud and corruption. They included Niding, Drapeau’s right-hand man, who was convicted of breach of trust and sentenced to one day in jail and a $75,000 fine, and contractor Regis Trudeau, who also received a one-day jail sentence and a $100,000 fine. Even Claude Rouleau, head of the OIB installed to stop the bleeding, was found guilty of breach of trust for accepting gifts in connection with the Olympic construction and was ordered to pay $31,000. Fining the miscreants, unfortunately, didn’t help pay off much of the debt. In order to rid itself of the Olympic burden city hall had to skimp on urban essentials for years. Even now, with a belated rush to repair its crumbling infrastructure,Montreal is still paying the price for decades of neglect. *** Forty years on, however, Montreal has endured. The sour jokes about the stadium, the corruption and the Olympic debt are now part of the culture. The separatist movement that convulsed the city in the immediate aftermath of the debacle also brought some much-needed social change. Welcome to the new Toronto: the most fascinatingly boring city in the world Read more Montreal survived by reinventing itself on a smaller, more viable scale. If Toronto seized the mantle of Canada’s financial capital, Montreal is the unquestioned capital of culture, a vibrant city of street art, sculpture and world-class jazz, fireworks, comedy and fringe festivals, the city no longer just of Leonard Cohen but of Arcade Fire and Cirque du Soleil. Le Bistro is long gone, but Montreal is still hip, the bars and restaurants and clubs the liveliest in the country, a walking city where the cafes are full all day long and joie de vivretrumps quotidian worries over such inconvenient details as bounced rent cheques and unpaid parking tickets. Montreal remains the polar opposite of money and real-estate obsessed Toronto – though where it was once a smaller, colder Paris, Montreal is now more North American, less European, less blithely certain of its position in the universe. Nevertheless, the Olympic debt is paid, separatism is a diminished force and there is even a tentative plan afoot to bring back the Expos. When spring finally comes after the long winters, there is a buoyant sense of rebirth and confidence in the future. If you can ignore the potholes and the still-simmering controversies over municipal corruption, Montreal is once again a great place to live. But you can’t escape the sense that the city might have had it all. In truth, before the Olympics, it did. Guardian Cities is devoting a week to exploring all things Canada. Get involved onTwitter and Facebook and share your thoughts with #GuardianCanada
  20. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/04/new-toronto-most-fascinatingly-boring-city-guardian-canada-week Cities Guardian Canada week Welcome to the new Toronto: the most fascinatingly boring city in the world From the endless scandals of Rob Ford to the endless hits of Drake, Stephen Marche reveals the secret of his hometown’s transformation into the 21st century’s great post-industrial city Toronto’s multicultural waterparks show the true radical potential of the city. Photograph: Alamy Cities is supported by Rockefeller Foundation Stephen Marche in Toronto Monday 4 July 2016 10.43 BST Last modified on Tuesday 5 July 2016 00.04 BST The definitive moment of the “new Toronto” took place, somewhat inevitably, in New York. On the TV variety show Saturday Night Live in May, Toronto’s hip-hop icon Drake played a gameshow contestant named Jared – a cheerful goof with dreadlocks and a red check shirt with a slight Caribbean lilt. The skit, called Black Jeopardy, was a take on the long-running game show Jeopardy, using a series of African American cliches: uncles who wear long suits to church, the cost of hair weaves, the popularity of Tyler Perry movies, and so on. In this matrix of stereotype, however, Jared didn’t quite fit. To the answer: “This comedian was crazy in the 80s with his Raw and Delirious routines,” (clearly indicating the question: “Who is Eddie Murphy?”) Jared instead asked, to the perplexity of all: “Who is Rick Moranis?” When they also didn’t know hockey legend Jaromir Jagr, Jared was stunned: “The man won the Art Ross trophy four years in a row, fam.” Jared is black, but not a kind of black that the host or the other contestants recognised. “I’m from Toronto,” he explained. “Wait, you’re a black Canadian?” the host asked. “Obviously, dog.” The miscomprehension built from there to a confrontation in which Jared angrily demanded: “Why do I have to be your definition of black?” Was the host’s confusion understandable? To Americans, and outsiders in general, the new Toronto and its people can seem disconcertingly familiar and strange at the same time. It’s a city in mid-puberty, growing so rapidly, changing so suddenly, that often it doesn’t quite know how it feels about itself. *** Last year, the increasing population of Toronto passed the declining population of Chicago. Comparisons come naturally. What Chicago was to the 20th century, Toronto will be to the 21st. Chicago was the great city of industry; Toronto will be the great city of post-industry. Chicago is grit, top-quality butchers, glorious modernist buildings and government blight; Toronto is clean jobs and artisanal ice-creameries, identical condos, excellent public schools and free healthcare for all. Chicago is a decaying factory where Americans used to make stuff. Toronto is a new bank where the tellers can speak two dozen languages. You feel a natural ease in time when you touch down from another city; you don’t have to strain for hope here. The future matters infinitely more than the past. Toronto is now grown-up enough to be rife with contradictions Toronto’s growth has been extravagant. If you approach from the water, almost every building you see will have been constructed in the past two decades. The city has been booming for so long and so consistently that few can remember what Toronto was like when it wasn’t booming. There were 13 skyscrapers in 2005; there are now close to 50, with 130 more under construction. The greater Toronto area is expected to swell by 2.6 million people to 7.5 million over the next decade and a half. A line has been crossed. Toronto is now grown-up enough to be rife with contradictions – and its contradictions are making it interesting. It is, for example, by far the safest city in North America – an extraordinarily law-abiding place by any measure. It also produced Rob Ford, the world’s most famous crack-smoking mayor, a man whose criminality did little to affect his popularity. Other contradictions reveal themselves only on closer examination. Toronto’s dullness is what makes it exciting – a tricky point to grasp. Toronto’s lack of ambition is why the financial collapse of 2008 never happened here. The strong regulations of its banks preventing their over-leverage meant they were insulated from the worst of global shocks. In London and New York, the worst stereotype of a banker is somebody who enjoys cocaine, Claret and vast megalomaniac schemes. In Toronto, a banker handles teachers’ pension portfolios and spends weekends at the cottage. Mist rises from Lake Ontario in front of the Toronto skyline during extreme cold weather. The population of the greater Toronto area is expected to reach 7.45 million by 2031 – and approaching from the water almost every building you see was built in the past two decades. Photograph: Mark Blinch/AP The worship of safety and security applies across all fields and industries. A reliable person is infinitely more valued than a brilliant one. The “steady hand” is the Toronto ideal, and Toronto’s steadiness is why people flock here – and all the people flocking here are making it exciting. That’s why Toronto is the most fascinating totally boring city in the world. The fundamental contradiction of the new Toronto, however, is that it has come into its own by becoming a city of others. In the Canadian context, Toronto is no longer first among equals in a series of cities strung along the railroad between the Atlantic and Pacific. It has become the national metropolis, the city plugged into the global matrix. At the same time, Toronto is 51% foreign-born, with people from over 230 countries, making it by many assessments, the most diverse city in the world. But diversity is not what sets Toronto apart; the near-unanimous celebration of diversity does. Toronto may be the last city in the world that unabashedly desires difference. Toronto may be the last city in the world that unabashedly desires difference This openness is unfortunately unique. In a world in which Australia runs “You will not make Australia home” advertisements, Donald Trump is the presidential nominee of a major American political party, and a British MP was killed by a man shouting “Britain first”, Canada has largely escaped this rising loathing for others. A 2012 study, by the chair of Canadian studies at Berkeley, found that “compared to the citizens of other developed immigrant-receiving countries, Canadians are by far the most open to and optimistic about immigration.” The lack of political xenophobia (which must be distinguished from the various crises of integration) has emerged for reasons that are peculiar to the Canadian experience, and not because we’re somehow better people. Toronto’s success in 2016 began in the national near-catastrophe of 1995. The 1995 referendum on Quebec independence brought the country within a photo finish of not existing anymore. In an infamous drunken ramble of a concession speech, the then premier of Quebec, Jacques Parizeau, blamed the loss on “money and the ethnic vote”. I was 19 when he said that, and I knew even then that for the rest of my life, Canada’s future would be built on money and immigrants. I wasn’t wrong. Most Canadian business headquarters had already taken the five-hour drive west. After 95, the rest followed. Montreal decided to become a French-Canadian city. Toronto decided to become a global city. The gaze into the abyss separated English-speaking Canadians from the rest of the Anglosphere. The most important finding from the Berkeley study was that “in Canada, those who expressed more patriotism were also more likely to support immigration and multiculturalism. In the United States this correlation went in the opposite direction.” That’s the key difference between Toronto’s relationship to immigration and the rest of the world. Canada can only survive as a cosmopolitan entity. Blood and soil rip it apart rather than bind it together. With the US border to the south and three brutal oceans on the other sides, Canada is protected, as few places are, from uncontrolled immigration. There are no desperate huddled masses, yearning to breathe free here. Instead we cull the cream of the world and call it compassion. Syrian refugees are greeted by Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on their arrival from Beirut at the Toronto Pearson International Airport. Syrian refugees are greeted by Canada’s prime minister Justin Trudeau. Photograph: Mark Blinch/Reuters To take the case of the Syrians, the federal government took 25,000 refugees since the Trudeau government came to power last year, which sounds impressive when you compare it to the 2,800 that the US has allowed. It isn’t when you consider the specifics of the case. There are already plenty of Muslim families in Toronto and they are as boring as any other Canadians. In my own existence, the people of Muslim heritage I have known have served some of the following roles: they were my father’s business partners; they have prepared my taxes and my will; they gossiped constantly in the cubicle beside mine at a legal publishing house where I used to work until I had to buy noise-cancellation headphones; they gave me tips on how to pass my special fields examination while I was doing my PhD; they looked after my children at the local daycare centre. So when I heard that 25,000 Syrians were coming, I did not imagine 25,000 poor angry men. I imagined 25,000 accountants and dentists. Which is exactly who has come. Toronto’s multiculturalism no doubt has its crises, and those crises are accelerating. When the province of Ontario (of which Toronto is the capital) announced a new sex education curriculum that included open discussions on homosexuality, recently arrived socially conservative Muslim and Chinese-Canadian Christian parents pulled their children from public school in protest. The premier, Kathleen Wynne, responded with a statement that basically amounted to: “Tough.” The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, passed in 1982 – the same document that established multiculturalism as national policy – is very clear that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is un-Canadian. There is a strain of granite in Toronto’s much-vaunted tolerance. More serious are the issues around race and policing, which have consumed the city for the past two years. The carding scandal, in which the police were revealed to be racially profiling the black community, exposed profound problems with our police force, which is in dire need of reform. The crowd watches the speakers at the Black Lives Matter rally at Toronto Police Headquarters at 40 College in Toronto. The crowd watches the speakers at the Black Lives Matter rally at Toronto police HQ. Photograph: Steve Russell/Toronto Star via Getty Images This is a story that has been playing out in American cities as well. But Black Lives Matter here has been distinctly Torontonian. Activists protested outside the police headquarters for 14 days, received a meeting with the mayor and the premier, and then disbanded peacefully. There was no hint of a riot, nor even of bad behaviour. Toronto’s activists sought redress for poor government in an entirely orderly fashion, and their demands, which were utterly reasonable, belonged to the best traditions of polite Canadian politics. The activists were pursuing, just like Canada’s motto, “peace, order and good government.” *** On any given morning on the Sheppard subway line in the north of the city, you can sit down in perfect peace and order, although you will find little evidence of good government. As the latest addition to Toronto’s fraying infrastructure, the Sheppard subway is largely untroubled by urban bustle. The stations possess the discreet majesty of abandoned cathedrals, designed for vastly more people than currently use them, like ruins that have never been inhabited. Meanwhile, in the overcrowded downtown lines, passengers are stacked up the stairs. The streetcars along a single main street, Spadina, carry more people on a daily basis than the whole of the Sheppard line, whose expenses run to roughly $10 a passenger, according to one estimate. A critic has suggested that sending cabs for everybody would be cheaper. Canadexit: how to escape the clutches of Donald Trump and Nigel Farage This ludicrous state of affairs – money wasted in one corner of the city while it’s desperately needed elsewhere – is the typical result of Toronto City Hall’s idea of consensus. The council is a pack of hicks and rubes, a visionless amalgam of small-c conservatives and vaguely union-hall lefties, all of them living resolutely in the past. Both sides want to stop what’s happening in the city. The lefties want to slow gentrification, and the conservatives think we’ve all been taxed enough. Of course, when most people think of hicks and rubes in Toronto City Hall, they think of Rob Ford, who died of cancer earlier this year. But Giorgio Mammoliti, councillor for Ward Seven, has proposed a floating casino, a red-light district on the Toronto Islands, and an 11pm curfew for children under 14. He has blamed a few of his erratic comments on a brain fistula he had removed in 2013, but nobody has since been able to tell the difference in his behaviour. Add another contradiction to Toronto’s growing list: it must be the best-run city in the world run by idiots. The current mayor, John Tory, is not an idiot, although he is hardly a figure of the “new Toronto”. He represents, more than any other conceivable human being, the antique white anglo-saxon protestant (Wasp) elite of Toronto, his father being one of the most important lawyers in the city’s history. The old Wasps had their virtues, it has to be said – it wasn’t all inedible cucumber sandwiches and not crying at funerals. Toronto Mayor Rob Ford responds the media at City Hall in Toronto, October 31, 2013. Rob Ford served as mayor of Toronto from 2010 to 2014. Photograph: Mark Blinch/Reuters After the Rob Ford years, the attractions of a “steady hand” have been stronger than ever. Last week, Tory finally took the step of acknowledging that Toronto needs new revenue-generating streams, which took immense political courage even though it is obvious to everyone. Then, almost immediately, he proposed a “net-zero” budget with no new revenue streams – the steady thing to do, the gutless thing to do, the traditionally Toronto thing to do. The cost of having narrow-minded representatives in power is to limit the city. The catastrophic state of transit has had a host of unintended consequences; the explosion of downtown construction is due largely to the fact that commuting from the suburbs has become more or less unendurable. The poor infrastructure is symptomatic of larger problems. Because somewhere deep in its heart Toronto has not planned for growth – because Toronto hasn’t expected to be a real grown-up city – it keeps making the same mistakes. Toronto’s place in the world is not fixed. That is what is so exciting about the city Billions of dollars are being used to build more subways in suburban Scarborough where ridership will carry, at one stop, an astonishingly low 7,300 people at peak hours. Just last week, it was announced that another C$1.3bn will be spent on the project. It is very easy to blame the political class for this small-minded nonsense, but in their lack of ambition they represent a truth of the city. It is the most diverse city in the world and one of the richest, but it is unclear what its money and its diversity amount to. There is no Toronto sound. There is no Toronto flavour. There is no Toronto scene. There is no Toronto style. Rather there are sounds and flavours and scenes and styles borrowed from elsewhere. At the corner of Spadina and Bloor Street, there is a small series of panels commemorating the activists who prevented the Spadina Expressway – a megahighway into the urban core – from being built in the 1970s. Those activists weren’t wrong. That proposed highway would have destroyed some decent neighbourhoods. But only Toronto would commemorate not building something. It’s proud of what it hasn’t done. *** Go to the waterparks in this city on any hot summer day and you see the true potential of Toronto. The meaning of multiculturalism in Toronto is not theoretical; it is not found in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms or in the decisions of the refugee board. The meaning of multiculturalism is found in the waterparks, among the slides and fountains, and lazy rivers and wave pools: a collection of various people of various shades speaking various languages, lounging in the shade, drinking overpriced rum drinks, eating greasy food, staring at each other’s naked and tattooed flesh, and shouting at their kids to stop splashing. History in Toronto does not bend toward justice. It bends towards the hot tub. There is something radical about these people leading their quiet lives out together, without much fuss. Are they one people? Does it matter if they aren’t? It is a city whose meaning is not found in shared history but in the shared desire to escape history. It is a light city, a city floating up and away from the old stories, the ancient struggles. Craic addicts and Hogtown heroes: Canada's urban tribes explained Again Chicago makes a good comparison. In Chicago, they once changed the course of the river – one of history’s greatest feats of will and engineering. In Toronto, for a hundred years, the authorities let the construction companies just dump their landfill into Lake Ontario, until it turned into a pile of rubble so large that it attracted deer and coyotes and warblers in migration. So, reluctantly, they turned it into a rather gorgeous little park, the Leslie Street Spit. Chicago has dreams, dreams that mostly fail but sometimes triumph. Toronto keeps any dreams it might have to itself, stumbling into much more reliable happiness. Toronto’s place in the world is not fixed. That is what is so exciting about it. The question that Toronto faces, the question that its various crises and contradictions pose, is whether the city will rise into a glorious future of a mingled and complicated humanity, an avatar of a singular cosmopolitanism, or whether it will shrink back and be swallowed by the provincial miasma that inveigles it. This is a real question – the city could legitimately go either way. How much longer can Toronto endure its terminal lightness? How much longer can a city so interesting insist on being so boring? Guardian Cities is devoting a week to exploring all things Canada. Get involved on Twitter and Facebook and share your thoughts with #GuardianCanada Sent from my SM-T330NU using Tapatalk
  21. http://www.ledevoir.com/economie/actualites-economiques/474116/immobilier-le-canada-pourrait-resserrer-son-controle Le Devoir Immobilier Le Canada pourrait resserrer son contrôle D’autres pays encadrent déjà l’achat de maisons par les étrangers, rapporte Desjardins 23 juin 2016 |Éric Desrosiers | Actualités économiques Le Canada aurait les moyens de ralentir l’ascension effrénée du marché immobilier de régions bien précises en encadrant mieux l’activité des investisseurs étrangers, rapporte Desjardins. L’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) a encore une fois mis en garde le Canada, la semaine dernière, contre le danger de la flambée du prix des maisons et son impact sur l’endettement des ménages de la classe moyenne. Le pays a pourtant déjà resserré plusieurs fois ses règles hypothécaires ces dernières années dans l’espoir de freiner le phénomène, commence par rappeler l’économiste du Mouvement Desjardins Benoit P. Durocher, dans une analyse dévoilée mercredi. On a entre autres réduit plusieurs fois la période maximale d’amortissement d’une hypothèque (de 40 à 25 ans), augmenté la mise de fonds minimale (de 0 % à 5 %), réduit le refinancement maximum (de 95 % à 80 %) et durci les règles pour les maisons secondaires. Le problème est que le Canada est aux prises aujourd’hui avec des tendances bien différentes, entre la poursuite du boom immobilier à Vancouver et à Toronto, un ralentissement marqué dans les provinces de l’Ouest depuis la chute du prix du pétrole, et une progression modérée des prix au Québec et dans les provinces atlantiques. « Sans être complètement à court de munitions, il semble difficile [dans ce contexte] d’introduire de nouvelles modifications aux conditions du crédit hypothécaire qui ralentiront de façon efficace le marché de l’habitation en Colombie-Britannique et en Ontario sans nuire aux autres régions », observe Benoit P. Durocher. Le gouvernement fédéral a bien augmenté cet hiver la mise de fonds minimal pour l’achat des maisons valant plus de 500 000 $. Cette mesure qui visait particulièrement les marchés de Vancouver et de Toronto semble toutefois avoir un impact marginal. Freiner les acheteurs étrangers Le ministre des Finances, Bill Morneau, a indiqué au début du mois qu’Ottawa effectuait un examen « en profondeur » des divergences entre les marchés immobiliers du pays et qu’on essayerait notamment de tester l’hypothèse voulant que le principal facteur derrière la montée des prix à Vancouver et à Toronto soit les acheteurs étrangers. Or, « un consensus apparaît de plus en plus au sein des analystes du secteur prix concernant le rôle déterminant que jouent les investisseurs étrangers dans la vitalité du marché immobilier de Vancouver et Toronto », rapporte Desjardins. Une étude d’un chercheur de l’Université Simon Fraser, Josh Gordon, a notamment établi que les deux villes canadiennes comptent parmi les six villes étrangères où les riches Chinois investissent le plus dans l’immobilier, avec Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York et Seattle. Un moyen de freiner cette tendance, dit Benoit P. Durocher, serait que les provinces ou les villes introduisent une taxe annuelle qui augmenterait en fonction de la valeur des propriétés afin de limiter la vente de maisons de haut de gamme particulièrement prisées par les investisseurs étrangers. Le Canada pourrait aussi s’inspirer du Royaume-Uni qui impose une taxe sur les gains de capitaux réalisés au moment de la vente par un étranger d’une propriété britannique. D’autres pays, comme l’Australie et Hong-Kong, imposent aux étrangers une taxe spéciale lors de l’achat d’une propriété. Comme plusieurs investisseurs n’habitent jamais ces maisons ni même ne se donnent la peine de les louer, on pourrait aussi taxer les logements inoccupés. Plusieurs pays exercent un contrôle plus direct des achats immobiliers des étrangers. En Australie, ces derniers ne peuvent habituellement acheter que des maisons neuves. En Suisse, ils sont soumis à des quotas par région. Au Mexique, les investisseurs étrangers ne sont généralement pas admis trop près du centre de la capitale ni à moins de 50 km à l’intérieur des côtes. Vite, mais prudemment Le bon dosage, avec de telles mesures, est important, note l’économiste du Mouvement Desjardins. Il ne faudrait pas que le Canada entache sa réputation d’économie ouverte sur le monde ni ne provoque un ralentissement du marché immobilier trop prononcé. « Cela dit, le temps presse, car plus les prix des propriétés progressent à Vancouver et à Toronto, plus les risques de déséquilibre augmentent et plus la possibilité d’une éventuelle correction s’intensifie. »
  22. Air Transat hiver 2016-2017

    Air Transat dévoile son programme de vols pour l’hiver 2016-2017. Air Transat présente aujourd’hui son programme aérien pour l’hiver 2016-2017, qui propose aux voyageurs 34 destinations soleil et des départs de 22 villes canadiennes, en plus de mettre de l’avant une offre diversifiée vers des destinations européennes appréciées des Canadiens pendant la période hivernale. Air Transat ajoute également 11 nouvelles routes à son calendrier de vols. « L’hiver prochain, Air Transat offrira encore plus de soleil pour tout le monde grâce à son vaste éventail de destinations Sud et Europe ainsi qu’à une présence accrue dans les différents aéroports canadiens », déclare Annick Guérard, présidente et directrice générale de Transat Tours Canada. « L’ajout de petits porteurs à notre flotte permanente nous a donné de la flexibilité pour encore mieux adapter notre offre aux différents marchés. Par ailleurs, nous poursuivrons l’hiver prochain notre programme de vols intérieurs, qui nous permet de proposer davantage de destinations en Europe aux voyageurs de Montréal et de Toronto », conclut Annick Guérard. Air Transat augmente son offre et sa capacité vers l’Amérique centrale, une région pour laquelle l’intérêt des Canadiens est en plein essor. Ainsi, au Québec, deux nouvelles routes s’ajoutent au calendrier hebdomadaire, soit un vol vers San Salvador (Salvador) au départ de Montréal ainsi qu’un vol vers l’île de Roatan (Honduras) au départ de Québec. Pour le marché de Toronto, des liaisons vers Managua (Nicaragua) et Carthagène (Colombie) enrichiront un programme déjà très diversifié. Des vols supplémentaires vers San Jose au départ de Montréal et de Toronto permettront par ailleurs de répondre à la demande croissante pour le Costa Rica. Air Transat augmente également la fréquence de ses vols à destination des Antilles françaises (Guadeloupe et Martinique), et de La Havane. Au Québec, en plus des deux nouvelles routes, Air Transat inaugurera des vols intérieurs liant Bagotville et Rouyn-Noranda à Montréal, offrant ainsi un plus vaste choix de destinations soleil aux voyageurs du Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean et de l’Abitibi Témiscamingue. Avec ce programme de vols avec correspondance, les Québécois de ces régions pourront maintenant se rendre dans neuf pays des Caraïbes et de l’Amérique centrale. En Ontario, de nouvelles liaisons vers Cayo Coco et Santa Clara, à Cuba, seront offertes au départ d’Ottawa et de Windsor, respectivement. À Fredericton, deux nouvelles destinations en République dominicaine, soit Puerto Plata et Punta Cana, s’ajoutent au programme. Au départ d’Halifax, c’est la Floride qui s’ouvre aux voyageurs grâce à une nouvelle liaison vers Fort Lauderdale. Finalement, dans l’Ouest canadien, Los Cabos sera maintenant accessible au départ de Vancouver, et Punta Cana au départ de Victoria. L’Europe toute l’année avec Air Transat Air Transat augmente par la même occasion sa capacité vers Londres en offrant dorénavant un vol par jour vers la capitale britannique tout au long de l’année au départ de Toronto. Toujours vers Londres, une liaison hebdomadaire, qui passera à deux vols par semaine dès le mois de décembre, est aussi au programme au départ de Vancouver. Air Transat maintient son vol quotidien vers Paris au départ de Montréal ainsi que sa liaison hebdomadaire vers la Ville Lumière au départ de Québec, disponible dès le mois de février. L’offre hivernale Europe comprend aussi des vols directs vers Malaga (Costa del Sol), en Espagne, ainsi que vers Lisbonne et Faro, au Portugal, et ce, au départ de Montréal et de Toronto. Ces destinations ensoleillées sont très prisées des vacanciers canadiens, notamment parce qu’elles permettent d’allier détente et découvertes et se prêtent bien à de courts comme de longs séjours. Air Transat poursuit cet hiver son programme de vols intérieurs entre Montréal et Toronto, élargissant le choix de destinations transatlantiques pour ces marchés grâce à des vols avec correspondance. Ainsi, les voyageurs de Toronto pourront se rendre à Paris (cinq fois par semaine) et Malaga (une fois par semaine) via Montréal, et ceux de Montréal pourront profiter de liaisons vers Londres (cinq fois par semaine), Manchester (une fois par semaine), Glasgow (une fois par semaine), Porto (une fois par semaine) et Lisbonne (une fois par semaine) en passant par Toronto. Enfin, à compter du mois d’avril, des vols à destination de Rome et de Barcelone seront disponibles au départ de Montréal et de Toronto, notamment afin de répondre à la demande des vacanciers qui, à cette période de l’année, sont nombreux à réaliser une croisière sur la méditerranée. http://www.paxnouvelles.com/article/air-transat-devoile-son-programme-de-vols-pour-lhiver-2016-2017
  23. I've consulted the following document: http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/population-demographie/bilan2015.pdf Page. 82 in 1996/1997 Quebec recorded its worst interprovincial demographic losses. In 2013/2014, we're getting very close to historical records. Not good. Toronto is uncorking the champagne at our cost.
  24. Publié le 02 avril 2016 à 08h37 | Mis à jour à 09h09 Un projet d'aquarium refait surface à Montréal RÉJEAN BOURDEAU La Presse Croyez-le ou non ! Pour la deuxième fois en 15 ans, Ripley's a été sollicitée pour aménager un aquarium à Montréal. Son propriétaire, le groupe Jim Pattison étudie le projet, estimé à des dizaines de millions, voire une centaine. Cette firme de Vancouver détient Ripley's Believe It or Not !, un musée de l'étrange où l'on présente des objets étonnants. Pattison possède aussi le Ripley's Aquarium of Canada, à Toronto. DISCUSSIONS EN COURS « Nous sommes en phase de démarchage, confirme Yves Lalumière, président de Tourisme Montréal. Nous parlons à Pattison, mais d'autres promoteurs pourraient participer. » Le site n'est pas confirmé. Mais des facteurs militent pour le Vieux-Port. Il s'agit d'un pôle touristique achalandé avec un accès au bord de l'eau. C'est aussi le lieu de débarquement des croisiéristes. « D'autres endroits peuvent également être envisagés », précise le grand patron. DES IDÉES EN 2000 D'autres idées ont ensuite été avancées. La Société du Vieux-Port de Montréal a même sollicité Pattison en 2000. À l'époque, le groupe se disait « prêt à investir 90 millions, sans avoir recours aux deniers publics ». Il voulait embaucher 225 personnes. L'année suivante, le Zoo de Granby a aussi étudié la possibilité d'aménager un aquarium à Montréal. Il souhaitait investir 50 millions pour marquer son 50e anniversaire en 2003. Les deux initiatives ont été mises en veilleuse. UN GÉANT PRIVÉ Outre celui de Toronto, Pattison possède deux autres aquariums aux États-Unis. Sa division de divertissement a ouvert son premier Ripley's Aquarium à Myrtle Beach, en Caroline-du-Sud, en 1997. Un deuxième a été lancé trois ans plus tard à Gatlinburg, au Tennessee. Le conglomérat privé possède de nombreuses divisions. Il est présent dans l'automobile, l'immobilier, les aliments et boissons, les médias, etc. Ses revenus dépassent 9 milliards. Il emploie 41 000 personnes. ANNÉE RECORD Profitant de l'essor du tourisme urbain, Montréal vient de vivre sa meilleure année en 40 ans. La ville a reçu pas moins de 9,6 millions de visiteurs. Le nombre de touristes internationaux a bondi de 7,2 % en un an. Le trafic de passagers à l'aéroport Montréal-Trudeau a augmenté de 7,2 %. Le taux d'occupation des hôtels s'est élevé à 73 %. Le projet d'aquarium ajouterait à l'offre touristique montréalaise. Plusieurs grandes villes en ont un. C'est le cas de Boston et de Toronto. L'AUTRE AQUARIUM DE MONTRÉAL Montréal a déjà eu un aquarium. Connu sous le nom d'Aquarium Alcan, il était situé dans l'île Sainte-Hélène. L'attraction a été construite pour l'Exposition universelle de 1967. Des spectacles étaient présentés au lac des Dauphins. En 1988, la Ville a souhaité déménager les installations dans le Vieux-Port, mais la récession de 1990 a coupé court à ce projet. L'aquarium a fermé en 1991 et des animaux ont été transférés au Biodôme. CRÉER DES LIENS Ce projet fait suite à la création d'un groupe de démarchage, explique M. Lalumière. Présidé par Tourisme Montréal, il a été lancé l'automne dernier. Il regroupe Investissement Québec, le Fonds de solidarité FTQ, la Banque de développement du Canada et Montréal International. Son but est de « créer des liens entre les entreprises locales, les investisseurs privés et les promoteurs internationaux », peut-on lire dans un document publié en octobre dernier. PLUS DE 100 MILLIONS L'aquarium de Toronto a coûté 130 millions, indique un communiqué publié en 2011. La contribution des trois ordres de gouvernements a atteint quelque 30 millions sous forme de subventions et de crédits d'impôt. Le reste a été assumé par le groupe Jim Pattison. Le projet montréalais serait toutefois plus modeste, estime Tourisme Montréal. Au chapitre du financement, il est trop tôt pour parler de l'apport des gouvernements. D'autres partenaires pourraient aussi se montrer intéressés. L'EXEMPLE TORONTOIS Le Ripley's Aquarium of Canada a ouvert ses portes à Toronto en 2013. Il est situé près de la tour CN. On y trouve 13 500 spécimens exotiques, notamment des requins et des poissons d'eau douce. L'une de ses attractions est le plus long tunnel sous-marin du continent, que peuvent parcourir les visiteurs. L'aquarium compte neuf galeries représentant différents environnements marins. Dès sa première année, il prévoyait accueillir 2 millions de visiteurs. http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/montreal/201604/02/01-4966941-un-projet-daquarium-refait-surface-a-montreal.php
  25. This is a proposed plan for Toronto for the next 15 years. (Courtesy Toronto Star)