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Le Canada gagne 35 900 emplois en avril

 

Publié le 08 mai 2009 à 08h06 | Mis à jour à 08h09

Agence France-Presse

Ottawa

 

Le Canada a gagné 35 900 emplois en avril, de façon inattendue, essentiellement grâce aux travailleurs indépendants, tandis que le taux de chômage se maintenait à 8%, son niveau le plus élevé en sept ans, a annoncé vendredi l'institut de la statistique.

 

Les analystes s'attendaient à une perte de quelque 50 000 emplois en avril après une saignée de 61 000 le mois précédent et à ce que le taux de chômage passe à 8,2%.

 

Ce taux est resté inchangé à 8,0 % en avril par rapport à mars, car la hausse de l'emploi a coïncidé avec une croissance de la population active, note Statistique Canada.

 

Malgré l'augmentation enregistrée en avril, 321 000 emplois ont été perdus au Canada depuis octobre 2008.

 

En avril, le nombre de travailleurs indépendants a cru de 37 000, indique Statistique Canada dans un communiqué, précisant que 39 000 emplois à temps plein ont été créés, alors que 3600 emplois à temps partiel étaient perdus.

 

Le secteur manufacturier, durement frappé par la crise, a gagné 6 700 postes en avril, mais il en a perdu 106 300 au cours des 12 derniers mois.

 

La hausse de l'emploi en avril s'est manifestée pour l'essentiel dans les provinces du Québec (+22 000) et de Colombie-Britannique (+17 000).

 

En avril le salaire horaire moyen avait progressé de 4,3% par rapport au même mois l'an dernier.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Canada adds 36,000 jobs

 

HEATHER SCOFFIELD

Globe and Mail Update

May 8, 2009 at 8:13 AM EDT

 

OTTAWA — The Canadian work force managed to grow slightly in April, adding 36,000 positions, mainly through self-employment, Statistics Canada said Friday.

 

As a result, the unemployment rate was unchanged at 8 per cent last month, the highest in seven years.

 

“This is a better-than-expected report that no one saw coming,” said economists at ScotiaCapital Inc. “Yes, there were distortions including the heavy influence of a gain in self-employment that we mistrust at this point in the cycle. But the losses elsewhere were much less significant than feared.”

 

The unexpected gain in employment sent the dollar up by 0.93 cent (U.S.) against the U.S currency.

 

Economists had been expecting the pace of job loss to let up a little bit in April after months of steep decline, forecasting the elimination of 50,000 positions compared to 61,000 in March. They had predicted an 8.3 per cent unemployment rate, up from 8 per cent in March.

 

While economists expect self-employment to expand during a recession, as laid-off workers create opportunities of their own, the increase in April was substantial. About 37,000 new self-employed positions were added to the work force, accounting for well over half of the 61,800 increase in self-employment over the past year.

 

Jobs among people employed by others, on the other hand, fell a statistically insignificant 1,100 positions.

 

Stabilization was also evident in the sectors that have shed the most jobs during the recession – manufacturing and construction. Employment in both those categories was changed very little in April, with construction employment declining 7,500 jobs and manufacturing employment growing 6,700 positions.

 

In the goods side of the economy overall, employment barely budged in April, but has declined by a sharp 6.3 per cent since last October.

 

The services side of the economy, which has been less touched by the recession, added 35,100 positions in April, particularly in the information sector and in culture and recreation.

 

Since October, when the labour market began to slide, employment economy-wide has fallen by 321,000 positions.

 

That's a decline of 1.9 per cent, with the losses concentrated in constructing, manufacturing and natural resources.

 

Full-time employment rose by 39,000 positions in April, while part-time was little changed. However, full-time employment is still down 2.5 per cent since October.

 

By region, employment rose in both Quebec and British Columbia. Quebec gained 22,000 positions, but because more people joined the work force, its unemployment rate rose to 8.4 per cent, from 8.3 per cent in March. British Columbia added 17,000 jobs, and its unemployment rate stayed still at 7.4 per cent. Still, the gains don't come close to making up for losses in the previous months.

 

Ontario, where job losses have been severe, managed to stabilize in April, shedding 3,000 positions. Its unemployment rate stayed stable at 8.7 per cent. Ontario's job losses account for half of the country's total decline since October.

 

By demographic, the April employment gains went mainly to adult men, and to women over the age of 55.

 

Economists were surprised by the job creation, even though some indicators have suggested lately that the Canadian economy was showing signs of life.

 

They warned that the job creation probably wouldn't last, since the all-important auto and manufacturing sectors are poised to cut severely in coming months, and because mothballed natural resource projects aren't about to roar back to life.

 

Economists are often skeptical of self-employment numbers because they suspect that respondents to Statistics Canada's survey of households would rather say they're working for themselves than admit to being unemployed. Plus, many self-employed people earn considerably less than employed people.

 

“That said, we can't dismiss the headline because of dubious self-employment gains, as there were only 1,100 job losses beyond the self-employment component,” the Scotia economists said.

 

The labour report was undeniably good news, agreed Douglas Porter, deputy chief economist at BMO Nesbitt Burns.

 

“Now that's what I would call a green shoot,” he said.

 

Still, he warned against getting too carried away.

 

“While quite encouraging, it's important to recall that head fakes are always possible,” he said.

 

During the darkest days of the recession of the early 1990s, for example, Canadian employment managed to rise in five separate months.

 

“Still, this marks a huge improvement from the wicked job losses seen over the winter, and is yet another strong signal that the economy may be approaching bottom – certainly sooner than most forecasters believed possible just a few weeks ago.”

 

Indeed, there are a growing number of signs that the free-fall that inflicted the Canadian economy at the end of last year and the beginning of this year began to let up in February and March. Auto and housing sales have picked up, the drop in exports slowed, manufacturing output stopped plunging and financial markets showed signs of recovery.

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Je ne comprends pas comment se fait-il que le Québec a connu une augmentation de son taux de chomage, bien que très modeste, alors que le taux en Ontario reste stable.

 

Québec avec une création de 22 000 passe de 8.3 à 8.4

Ontario avec une création de 3 000 reste stable à 8.7

 

Je suis conscient qu'il y a plus de gens qui sont arrivés sur la marché du travail ce qui explique la légère hausse au Québec mais je présume qu'il y a autant de gens qui sont arrivés sur la marché du travail en Ontario et qu'avec une création médiocre de 3 000 emplois le taux aurait du monter beaucoup plus que ça surtout qu 3 000 pour l'Ontario est vraiment bas. Mais il y a surement quelque chose qui m'échappe.

 

Je ne suis pas sur de ce que veut dire ''shedding'' mais cela ne changerait rien dans l'équation.

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Y a plus de gens en proportion qui sont venus sur le marché du travail au Québec qu'en ontario.

 

Il se peut aussi que des gens aient quitté le marché du travail en ontario aussi.

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Chômage

Le plein-emploi à Québec

Mise à jour : 08/05/2009 14h24

 

La situation de l'emploi continue d'être excellente à Québec.

Le taux de chômage a bien augmenté de 0,4 %, en avril, par rapport à mars dernier, passant à 4,4 %, mais il demeure le deuxième plus bas au Canada et, surtout, il a diminué de 0,3 % par rapport à l'an dernier.

Quant au nombre de de personnes à l'emploi, il est demeuré à peu près le même de mars à avril : 401 300. Mais, ici encore, il faut noter qu'il y avait 12 400 personnes au travail de plus, en avril 2009, qu'en avril 2008.

Bref, au risque de se répéter, la région de Québec semble toujours être dans une bulle qui la protège de la tourmente économique.

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