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La citadelle d'Alep domine la ville, c'est un palais royal construit en 1230 et en partie détruit par les Mongols.

Elle est entourée d'un profond (20 m) et large (30 m) fossé, creusé au xiie siècle.

 

L'une des caractéristiques de la citadelle est son imposante entrée fortifiée, accessible par un pont. Cette entrée a été construite par les Mamelouks au xvie siècle. À l'intérieur, une succession de cinq virages à angle droit et trois imposantes portes en acier, dont certaines possèdent des linteaux sculptés, opposaient autant d'obstacles à un assaut.

 

Il faut visiter en particulier la salle d'armes, la salle byzantine et la salle du trône dont le plafond de bois décoré a été restauré. Il y a une vue depuis l'enceinte.

 

The Citadel of Aleppo (Arabic: قلعة حلب‎) is a large medieval fortified palace in the centre of the old city of Aleppo, northern Syria. It is considered to be one of the oldest and largest castles in the world. Usage of the Citadel hill dates back at least to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Subsequently occupied by many civilizations including the Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids and Mamluks, the majority of the construction as it stands today is thought to originate from the Ayyubid period. An extensive conservation work has taken place in the 2000s by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in collaboration with Aleppo Archeological Society.

 

 

The recently-discovered Temple of the Ancient Storm God, Hadad, dates use of the hill to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC, as referenced in Cuneiform texts from Ebla and Mari.[1] The prophet Abraham is said to have milked his sheep on the citadel hill[2]. After the decline of the Neo-Hittite state centred in Aleppo, the Assyrians dominated the area (4-8th century BC), followed by the Neo-Babylonians and the Persians (539-333)[3].

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Seleucid

After Aleppo was taken by the armies of Alexander the Great, Aleppo was ruled by Seleucus I Nicator, who undertook the revival of the city under the name Beroia. Medieval Arab historians say that the history of the citadel as a fortified acropolis began under Nikator[2]. In some areas of the citadel there are up to two meters of remains of Hellenistic settlement. A colonnaded street led up to the citadel hill from the west, where the souk area of Aleppo still retains the Hellenistic grid street plan.[4]

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citadel_of_Aleppo

 

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Edited by Malek
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