Les effets des taxes à Toronto et Vancouver se font sentir.
Le marché de l'habitation montréalais plus en santé qu'à Toronto ou Vancouver
Les dernières données de la Société canadienne d'hypothèques et de logement (SCHL) démontrent que le marché de l'habitation se porte plutôt bien à Montréal.
Un texte de Marc Verreault
Il n'y a pas de surévaluation des prix des habitations, contrairement à ce qui se produit à Toronto ou Vancouver.
Lors du dernier trimestre de 2016, du côté des maisons unifamiliales, l'avantage était aux vendeurs sur l'île de Montréal, sur la Rive-Sud et à Laval, tandis que sur la Rive-Nord, c'était plutôt équilibré entre vendeurs et acheteurs.
Par contre, la Rive-Nord est dans une situation particulière, puisque dans le marché de la copropriété, les acheteurs bénéficient d'un choix plus vaste.
« Il y a eu beaucoup de constructions, ces dernières années, donc autant sur le marché de la revente que sur le marché du neuf, on voit beaucoup de stock, là », explique Marie-Claude Guillotte, analyste principale à la SCHL.
Mme Guillotte observe aussi que le ralentissement des mises en chantier de copropriétés se poursuit, les promoteurs écoulant les condos invendus avant de démarrer de nouveaux projets.
Pour ce qui est de l'année en cour, les conditions seront sensiblement les mêmes, estime l'analyste principale.
« Du côté des mises en chantier, on s'attend à des niveaux autour de ce qu'on a eu en 2016; du côté du nombre de reventes, on s'attend à une légère augmentation, des prix aussi, il y a un peu de pression sur les prix, mais on est encore loin d'une accélération des prix », ajoute Mme Guillotte.
Dans l'ensemble, les conditions de marché pour les maisons unifamiliales et les immeubles à revenus (plex) sont légèrement à l'avantage des vendeurs, contrairement à la copropriété, où les acheteurs sont favorisés.
Le prix moyen des maisons dans la grande région de Montréal a augmenté d'un peu plus de 3 % en un an.
Il semblerait que Saint-Michel aura des trolleybus d'ici 2017. Jarry, Beaubien et autres en auront aussi peu après. Il faut savoir qu'un trolleybus n'est pas un tramway mais un simple autobus électrique rattaché à des fils. D'après les exemples de certaines villes, comme Vancouver, le trolleybus n'emmènerait pas d'augmentation foncière, ou très peu; leurs bénéfices est (presque) exclusivement écologique.
By Le Roach
I don't really foresee the volume of foreign capital required coming in to Mtl. and thus upsetting its affordability. There are too many vacant locations as is, and not enough population and economic growth to massively reverse the situation.
The one-in-six rule: can Montreal fight gentrification by banning restaurants? | Cities | The Guardian
The one-in-six rule: can Montreal fight gentrification by banning restaurants?
A controversial law limiting new restaurant openings in Montrealâ€™s Saint-Henri area has pitted business owners against those who believe they are fighting for the very survival of Canadaâ€™s â€˜culture capitalâ€™. Who is right?
In downtown Montreal, traditionally low rental rates are coming under severe pressure amid a deluge of new restaurants and cafes.
Matthew Hays in Montreal
Wednesday 16 November 2016 12.30 GMT Last modified on Wednesday 16 November 2016 12.31 GMT
In Montrealâ€™s Saint-Henri neighbourhood, the hallmarks of gentrification shout loud and clear. Beautiful old brick buildings have been refurbished as funky shops, niche food markets and hipster cafes. Most notably, there are plenty of high-end restaurants. More than plenty, say some local residents â€“ many of whom canâ€™t afford to eat in any of them.
Earlier this month, the city council agreed enough was enough: the councillors of Montrealâ€™s Southwest borough voted unanimously to restrict the opening of new restaurants. The bylaw roughly follows the â€œone-in-sixâ€ rule, with new eateries forbidden from opening up within 25 metres of an existing one.
â€œOur idea was very simple,â€ says Craig SauvÃ©, a city councillor with the Projet Montreal party. â€œResidents need to be able to have access to a range of goods and services within walking distance of their homes. Lots of restaurants are fine and dandy, but we also needs grocery stores, bakeries and retail spaces.â€
Itâ€™s not as though Saint-Henri is saturated with business: a number of commercial and retail properties remain empty. In that environment, some residents have questioned whether itâ€™s right to limit any business. Others felt that something had to be done.
Tensions boiled over in May this year, when several restaurants were vandalised by a group of people wearing masks. At the grocery store Parreira Traiteur, which is attached to the restaurant 3734, vandals stole food, announcing they were taking from the rich and giving to the poor.
â€œI was really quite shocked,â€ says co-owner Maxime Tremblay. â€œIâ€™m very aware of whatâ€™s going on in Saint-Henri: itâ€™s getting hip, and the rents are going up. I understand that itâ€™s problematic. They were under the impression that my store targets people from outside the area, which isnâ€™t really the case. Iâ€™ve been very careful to work with local producers and artisans. Why would you attack a locally owned business? Why not a franchise or chain?â€
Not everyone is sure the change in regulation will work. â€œThe bylaw seems very abstract to me,â€ says Peter Morden, professor of applied human sciences at Concordia University who has written extensively on gentrification. â€œI wonder about the logic of singling out restaurants. I think the most important thing for that neighbourhood would be bylaws that protect low-income and social housing.â€
Alongside restaurants, chic coffee shops have become emblematic of Montrealâ€™s pace of change.
As the debate rages, Montrealers are looking anxiously at what has happened to Canadaâ€™s two other major metropolises, Toronto and Vancouver. Both cities have experienced huge spikes in real-estate prices and rents, to the point where even upper-middle-class earners now feel shut out of the market. Much of Vancouverâ€™s problem has been attributed to foreign property ownership and speculative buying, something the British Columbia government is now attempting to address. This has led to concern that many of the foreign buyers â€“ mainly Chinese investors â€“ could shift their focus to Montreal.
For now, the cityâ€™s real estate is markedly cheaper than that of Vancouver or Toronto: the average residential property value is $364,699, compared with Torontoâ€™s $755,755 and Vancouverâ€™s $864,566, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association. And rent is cheaper, too: the average for a two-bedroom apartment in central Montreal is $760, compared with Torontoâ€™s $1,288 and Vancouverâ€™s $1,368.
Montrealers have little desire for their city to emulate Vancouverâ€™s glass-and-steel skyline.
The reasons for this are debatable â€“ the never-entirely-dormant threat of Quebec separatism, the cityâ€™s high number of rental units and older buildings, its strict rent-control laws and a small-court system seen to generally favour the rights of tenants.
But regardless of why itâ€™s so affordable, many Montrealers want it to stay that way. There is widespread hostility towards the seemingly endless array of glass-and-steel condos that have come to dominate the Vancouver and Toronto skylines. If Montreal does look a bit grittier than other Canadian cities, it owns a unique cultural cachet. The inexpensive cost of living makes it much more inviting to artists, which in turn makes the city a better place to live for everyone; its vibrant musical scene is the envy of the country, and its film, dance and theatre scenes bolster the cityâ€™s status as a tourist attraction. In this context, Montrealâ€™s restaurant bylaw is designed to protect the cityâ€™s greatest asset: its cheap rents.
â€œI would argue this is a moderate bylaw,â€ says SauvÃ©. â€œWeâ€™re just saying one out of every six businesses can be a restaurant. Thereâ€™s still room for restaurant development.â€
He says the restaurant restriction is only part of Projet Montrealâ€™s plans, which also include increased funding for social housing. â€œRight now, the city sets aside a million dollars a year to buy land for social housing. Projet Montreal is proposing we spend $100m a year. The Quebec government hasnâ€™t helped with its austerity cuts: in the last two budgets, they have cut funding for social housing in half. There are 25,000 people on a waiting list.â€
Perhaps surprisingly, the provincial restaurant lobby group, the Association des Restaurateurs du Quebec, doesnâ€™t have an issue with the bylaw. â€œWe understand the impact gentrification can have,â€ says spokesperson Dominique Tremblay. â€œWe understand the need for a diversity of businesses. Frankly, if there are too many restaurants on one street, itâ€™ll be that much harder for them to stay open. There wonâ€™t be enough customers to go around.â€
Even despite having been robbed, Tremblay says he recognises the anxiety that swirls around the subject of gentrification. â€œPeople feel a neighbourhood loses its soul,â€ he says. â€œI get that. Iâ€™d rather we find a dialogue, not a fight.â€