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  1. Launch of a love affair Ratings for Lévesque’s TV program sometimes hit an amazing 100 per cent by Daniel Poliquin on Thursday, September 24, 2009 10:20am - 0 Comments macleans.ca By the mid-1950s, Quebecers, like most other Canadians, had fallen in love with television. So overwhelming was the coup de foudre that although in some regions near the U.S. border only American broadcasts would come in, unilingual French Quebecers lapped it up anyway. Kids could be seen in the streets of small towns re-enacting their favourite show, The Adventures of Kit Carson, speaking in a made-up mumbo-jumbo language they believed was English. That was how it sounded to them anyway. Four out of five households in the province had a television set. And when the French-speaking people of Canada were all able to view locally made, francophone productions, they became a tight-knit virtual family, discussing at length the ending of the last sitcom or drama millions of others had watched, adopting as their own actors and actresses they had grown fond of, or, conversely, expressing unanimous hate for TV villains like Séraphin, the miser in the seemingly endless Les Belles Histoires des Pays d’En-Haut, which everybody watched. For good reason, too: there was only one French-language TV station; Radio-Canada’s monopoly ensured that all, and I mean all, francophones growing up in Quebec in the 1950s and 1960s shared a single TV culture. Lévesque was a regular commentator on current events programs, but he was mainly heard on the radio—until someone at Radio-Canada had the good sense to give him his own television show in October 1957. Here begins the legend of René Lévesque. The show was called Point de mire (Focal Point) and it was a 30-minute live broadcast first airing on Sundays at 11:15 p.m., and later, due to the show’s growing popularity, on Tuesdays at 10:30 p.m. For many, it was another coup de foudre. Here was this little man with the funny voice, equipped with a blackboard, a pointer, and maps, explaining the outside world to French-speaking Canadians, talking very fast but using only intelligible words. Let me paraphrase him: “Good evening. Thank you for joining me. Tonight, we are off to the Suez. It’s in Egypt, the land of the pharaohs that became mummies, you know, the land of the pyramids and the Sphinx. Here on the map is a canal, called Suez, built by French and British engineers in the last century. You can see here that it links up the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. So a very important route for international trade, because, thanks to the canal, ships stopped having to go all around the African continent to take their goods to the Orient, or the other way around. See?” (He would circle Africa with his pointer.) “Without Suez, the cup of tea from India you just had would cost you more because it would have to travel much farther. You follow me? Now, the Egyptians no longer have pharaohs. Egypt is now a republic, led by a man they call the Raïs—which means ‘president’ in Arabic—a man by the name of Nasser. So . . .” And on he would go. For many Quebecers with little schooling, Point de mire became their first window on the world. Not everybody watched, but those who did were enthralled, especially news junkies and all those hungry for knowledge. And in Duplessis’ Quebec, there were a lot of them. Thanks to the Radio-Canada monopoly, Lévesque’s ratings sometimes reached 100 per cent: a dream for any broadcaster and now an impossible feat, even on a day such as Sept. 11, 2001. To take the helm of Point de mire, Lévesque had had to give up his comfortable job as a broadcaster, with the guaranteed income, pension, and other benefits. But he was now earning $20,000 a year—more than any cabinet minister, provincial or federal. The real payoff, however, was instant celebrity. René Lévesque was now the star journalist who could explain the school desegregation in Little Rock, Ark.; the violent decolonization of Algeria; or the partition of Berlin and Cyprus. He could not walk the streets of Quebec without being accosted by adoring fans who would stop him to shake his hand and thank him. And he was more than loved; he was respected. In the words of novelist and social commentator Jacques Godbout, Lévesque was Quebec’s “first lay teacher.” Of course, the viewers did not see the man who never read his fan mail and never returned phone calls. Undisciplined but hard-working, incessantly feasting on magazines and newspapers in his smoke-filled office or at McGill’s nearby library to prepare for his weekly rendezvous with live television. Stressed out, as we would say today, but always focused. The badly dressed and unsuspected Lothario with doubtful hygiene who ate, talked, and smoked all at once, leaving a mess behind him all the time, driving like a madman in the streets in Montreal. Famous for his all-night poker playing, his chain-smoking; fond of sleeping late and seldom on time for appointments. Never at home, never where he was supposed to be. It was as though he was living three lives at the same time. During those years that he met Pierre Trudeau. The meeting took place in the Radio-Canada cafeteria, where artists and journalists congregated between assignments to talk and reshape the world in keeping with the fantasies and ideals in vogue. Trudeau was then a law professor and sometime TV commentator known for his scathing wit and erudition. He was well travelled, one of the few men in Canada who had visited China and reported on it. His Cité Libre was one of the very rare publications that dared to criticize Duplessis and public policy. Its circulation was of confidential proportions, but it was influential within the small, thinking elite of the era. The person who introduced them was journalist Gérard Pelletier, who was a friend of both Trudeau and Lévesque. For once, as Pelletier said later, Lévesque was not running, slowed down by the overflowing cup of coffee in his one hand and the stack of newspapers under his other arm. Pelletier motioned to him to come and sit down with him and the slightly balding man with the piercing blue eyes. He had wanted the two to meet for a long time. For the occasion, Trudeau put on his best snotty-nosed behaviour, complete with the French mid-Atlantic accent he had acquired at Montreal’s Jesuit-run Brébeuf College. Lévesque played the nonchalant TV star. This is how Pelletier remembers their conversation. I’ve added what I imagine must have been their internal dialogue in square brackets. Trudeau: Ah, the famous René Lévesque! How do you do? [Your Point de mire celebrity does not impress me at all, you should know that.] You speak well, sir, very well, but tell me something: can you write, too? Lévesque: Yes, but you know, writing takes time . . . [Don’t even think for a minute I would waste a second reading your Cité Libre . . .] Trudeau: Yes, you are right. You need time, and you also need to have ideas of your own, things to say, you know . . . [Watch out, buddy, I bite too.] The two were chalk and cheese from the get-go. They would meet again. From Extraordinary Canadians: René Lévesque by Daniel Poliquin. Copyright © Daniel Poliquin, 2009. Reprinted with permission of Penguin Group (Canada).
  2. Prenez garde aux chiens: ces francos qui font rire les anglos Richard Therrien La Presse Le Soleil Leur décapante parodie du message bilingue complètement surréaliste de Justin Trudeau a eu des échos jusqu'au Canada anglais la semaine dernière. Pas pour s'en offusquer ou crier au scandale, mais pour en rire! Même la station de CBC à Toronto, et les sites internet du Globe and Mail et du magazine Macleans ont vanté cette parodie made in Quebec. L'équipe de l'émission satirique Prenez garde aux chiens prend du galon. À sa deuxième saison à Vox, qui a commencé mardi dernier à 22h, le collectif de Québec montre une nette évolution, autant dans le produit fini à l'antenne que dans l'efficacité de ses gags. «L'an dernier, on essayait des choses. Maintenant, on fait mieux, on corrige nos défauts, même si on peut se casser la gueule des fois», reconnaît l'auteur principal de l'émission, David Lemelin, le Justin Trudeau de la parodie. Le sketch de mardi montrant une Jolie Couillon ultravulgaire, piégeant Maximum Berné avec ses micros cachés, était une pièce d'anthologie. Pour la parodie de Justin Trudeau, David Lemelin avoue avoir été pris de court par la réaction des médias canadiens-anglais. «J'étais certain que des partisans nous enverraient promener. Pas du tout. Même les anglophones se paient la tête de Justin.» Le retour de Prenez garde aux chiens arrive à point, en pleine campagne électorale. L'équipe de David Lemelin compte bien passer à la moulinette tous les grands partis. «L'an dernier, le fait qu'on se moque des politiciens durant la campagne avait dérangé le directeur général des élections. S'il réagit encore cette année, ça nous fera une belle pub gratis! Moi, je suis à l'aise avec ça, on n'est financés par personne. Si on vit dans un pays où on ne peut même pas se payer la tête des politiciens, on est vraiment mal pris.» Ainsi, les bloquistes, les néo-démocrates et les conservateurs y passeront. L'équipe profitera d'une parodie d'un discours de Stephen Harper pour évoquer le fameux mystère Québec et l'engouement pour les conservateurs dans la Vieille Capitale. «Je vais me payer la tête de mes compatriotes. S'ils ne comprennent pas nos jokes, tant pis!» David Lemelin annonce aussi un sketch sur Georges Brassens interprétant La femme de Sarko, et d'autres sur la bataille des plaines d'Abraham, sur l'environnement, le prix de l'essence, le pistolet électrique, Vladimir Poutine et des parodies publicitaires. L'humoriste reprend aussi son imitation particulièrement réussie de Lucien Bouchard dans un sketch où il est question cette fois l'Orchestre symphonique de Montréal. Dix émissions sont prévues cette saison, le mardi à 22h. «Et à Vox, on n'a aucun bâton dans les roues. C'est un terrain d'essai idéal.» Voilà qui a de quoi tenir occupé David Lemelin, qu'on a cru un moment devenir le nouvel homme des matins de TQS l'automne prochain. L'aventure n'a jamais abouti, le diffuseur n'ayant pu s'entendre avec les producteurs pour des raisons budgétaires. «Ce que j'ai trouvé difficile, c'est qu'on s'est donné beaucoup de mal à essayer de trouver ce dont ils avaient envie. Aujourd'hui, quand on les regarde aller, on n'est plus sûrs qu'on regrette», admet David Lemelin. TQS n'a toujours aucune émission du matin pour l'automne, à moins qu'elle n'en sorte une de sa boîte à surprises lors du lancement de programmation, mercredi prochain.
  3. Exceltech Aérospace est en train de construire 3 nouveaux hangars de grande capacités sur l'aéroport PE Trudeau. On les vois bien depuis l'autoroute 13. Je vais essayer de prendre quelques photos depuis l'autobus...
  4. Commentary from St. Lambert war veteran Okill Stuart: Click Here This sort of thing really disgusts me. The bastards that took that ought to rot in prison for the rest of their lives. It'll serve as a lesson to anyone else thinking of doing something similar. The guy who urinated on the National War Memorial in Ottawa was drunk, and apologized to the veterans. Stealing a plaque is not something that someone can do when they are drunk, or drugged or whatever. Whoever took this knew exactly what they were doing.
  5. Quel choix de sujet pour l'article sur Montreal cette semaine dans la section CITIES dans The Guardian quand on compare avec l'article publie sur Toronto ! Jack Todd me déçoit beaucoup ! Welcome to the new Toronto: the most fascinatingly boring city in the world https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/04/new-toronto-most-fascinatingly-boring-city-guardian-canada-week https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/06/40-year-hangover-1976-olympic-games-broke-montreal-canada?CMP=fb_a-cities_b-gdncities#comments Cities Guardian Canada week The 40-year hangover: how the 1976 Olympics nearly broke Montreal The Montreal Olympics left the city with a C$1.6bn debt, a string of corruption scandals, and a creeping sense of economic and social decline. Forty years on, how did the city survive? Mayor Jean Drapeau stands in the Olympic Stadium, Montreal. Photograph: Graham Bezant/Toronto Star/Getty Cities is supported by Jack Todd in Montreal Wednesday 6 July 2016 07.30 BSTLast modified on Wednesday 6 July 201611.17 BST Shares 714 Comments 93 Save for later There is a moment before all our global sporting extravaganzas when it all seems poised on a knife edge. Helicopters hover above the stadium, keyed-up athletes shuffle and bounce with excess energy, and organisers bite their nails as they try to hold down nervous stomachs, worried that despite years of planning and the expenditure of billions, it will all go desperately wrong. Then the trumpets sound, thousands of young people take part in colourful charades, pop stars fight a losing battle with hopeless stadium acoustics – and the Games begin. The formula is pretty much set in stone, but in 1976 Montreal added a wrinkle. On 17 July, with Queen Elizabeth, Canadian prime minister Pierre Trudeau and 73,000 people looking on, the Greek athletes who traditionally led the Parade of Nations came up the ramp toward the Olympic stadium to find their way almost blocked by construction workers. Out of sight of the cameras and the throng inside the stadium, the staff were frantically wielding shovels and brooms to clear away the building debris left from the manic push to complete the facility on time. In the final scrambling months before the Games, 3,000 labourers had worked in teams 24 hours a day to make it possible for the Olympics to begin at all. They barely succeeded. Two weeks later, when the last athlete had gone home, Montreal woke up to what remains the worst hangover in Olympic history: not just a bill that came in at 13 times the original estimate, a string of officials convicted of breach of trust and the greatest white elephant of a stadium ever built, but a creeping sense of economic and social decline. Forty years on, no other Olympics has so thoroughly broken a city. Facebook Twitter Pinterest The opening ceremony of the 1976 Montreal Games. Photograph: Tony Duffy/Getty Images*** Advertisement When I arrived in Montreal five years earlier, a war resister from Nebraska with little French and less money, the city was enduring its harshest winter on record. Montreal would receive more than 152 inches of snow in 1970-71, including a March blizzard that killed 17 people. The endless snow, in a sense, was a mercy. It turned down the heat on the city’s simmering political crisis, which had boiled over the previous Octoberwhen the terrorist Front du Libération du Quebec (FLQ) kidnapped the British consul, James Cross, and the province’s minister of justice, Pierre Laporte. Prime minister Trudeau responded by imposing martial law. Armoured personnel carriers patrolled the streets and troops detained hundreds of people without charges. The FLQ would murder Laporte on 17 October. They released Cross on 3 December, effectively ending the crisis but leaving the city battered, bruised and tense. Even before the kidnappings, Montreal was jittery from a series of FLQ bombs: 95 in total, the largest of which blew out the northeast wall of the Montreal Stock Exchange. And yet, in those years, the best place to get a sense of what Montreal was and might have been was Le Bistro. It was really Chez Lou Lou, although no one called it that, and it featured more or less authentic Parisian ambience, right down to the surly French waiters. When I could afford it, Le Bistro was my favourite destination on a weekend morning. One especially frigid Saturday, Leonard Cohen sat at the next table with a blonde companion, both of them sporting deepwater tans from the Greek islands, looking blasé about it all. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Leonard Cohen was born in Westmount, Montreal. Photograph: Roz Kelly/Getty ImagesMontrealers could afford to be blasé. The city was everything that Toronto, its rival, 300 miles to the south-west, was not: urbane, sophisticated, hip, a place where you could dine well and party until the bars closed at 3am. In Toronto, they rolled up the streets at 11pm and toasted the Queen at public functions. Montreal was not just the financial capital of Canada, it was also the most European of North American cities, half English-speaking but overwhelmingly French, profoundly cultured and unfailingly elegant, where the old stone of the cathedrals met the Bauhaus steel-and-glass towers of Mies van der Rohe’s Westmount Square. The crowd at Le Bistro was a cross-section of cultural and political life in a city full of tensions, between separatism and federalism, English, French and Jewish, old money and new. There were political tensions that seemed to feed a creative ferment home that produced Cohen, the bombastic poet Irving Layton, the acerbic novelist Mordecai Richler, the politicians Pierre Trudeau and René Lévesque, the actor Geneviève Bujold and the film-maker Denys Arcand. The Olympics can no more run a deficit than a man can have a baby Jean Drapeau, in 1970 When, on 12 May 1970, during the 69th session of the International Olympic Committee held in Amsterdam, Montreal won out over competing bids from Moscow and Los Angeles to be awarded the Games of the XXI Olympiad, it seemed to signal another triumph. The city had hosted one of the most successful World’s Fairs ever in 1967, and a new baseball team, the Expos, began play in 1969, defeating the St Louis Cardinals 8-7 on 14 April at Jarry Park in the first regular season Major League game in Canada. Following those triumphs, the Olympics were sold to the Montreal public as being modest in design and, above all, inexpensive to stage. The mayor, Jean Drapeau – diminutive, autocratic, mustachioed – declared: “The Olympics can no more run a deficit than a man can have a baby.” *** Facebook Twitter Pinterest Leger (left) and Drapeau (right), listen as Taillibert describes the layout of Parc Olympique. Photograph: Bettmann/Bettmann ArchiveThe 1970 estimate was that the Games would cost C$120m (£65m) in total, with $71m budgeted for the Olympic Stadium itself. Drapeau took a personal hand in the stadium’s design. He and his chief engineer, Claude Phaneuf, selected the French architect Roger Taillibert, who had built the Parc des Princes in Paris and would also design the Olympic Village. Taillibert employed his own team of architects and engineers, and was respected for bringing in projects at, or at least near, budget. (The Parc des Princes, originally budgeted at $12m, cost $18m .) His conception for the “Big O” stadium was grandiose, in a style that might be called space-age fascist: it featured an enormous, inclined tower, the tallest such structure in the world, holding a retractable roof suspended from thick cables and looming over the stadium like a praying mantis over a turtle. There is no evidence, however, that either Taillibert or Drapeau ever had a handle on the management of the various construction sites. There were delays from the very beginning, and construction on the Olympic Park complex (including the Velodrome and Big O) began 18 months late, on 28 April 1973. This put Drapeau right where the powerful and militant Quebec labour unions (the Quebec Federation of Labour and the Confederation of National Trade Unions) wanted him: paying extravagant overtime bills. Out of a total of 530 potential working days between December 1974 and April 1976, the workers would be on strike for 155 days – 30% of the work time available. In one particularly crucial period of construction, from May until the end of October 1975, less than a year before the opening ceremonies were to commence, the unions walked off the job and no work was done at all. Oversight was utterly inadequate on every aspect of the project. During the inflationary 1970s, the price of structural steel alone tripled. In 1973, contractor Regis Trudeau, who had been awarded $6.9m in Olympic construction contracts, built a luxurious chalet costing $163,000 for Gerard Niding, who was Drapeau’s right-hand man and head of Montreal city council’s powerful executive committee. Only when a corruption commission forced his hand, five years later, did Trudeau finally produce a bill charging Niding for the house. Game off! Why the decline of street hockey is a crisis for our kids Read more By 1975, the provincial government had seen enough: they removed Taillibert and formed the Olympic Installations Board (pdf) (OIB) in an attempt to get a handle on the construction. Ironically, no one has since delivered a pithier assessment of the corruption than Taillibert himself. In 2011, he told le Devoir: “The construction of the Olympic Park and stadium showed me a level of organised corruption, theft, mediocrity, sabotage and indifference that I had never witnessed before and have never witnessed since. The system failed completely and every civil engineering firm involved knew they could just open this veritable cash register and serve themselves.” Drapeau himself was never charged or even suspected of personal corruption, but his remark about men having babies came back to haunt him. At the time, the physician Henry Morgentaler was much in the news for openly performing abortions. As the Olympic bill nearly tripled, to $310m, Montreal Gazette cartoonist Aislin drew one of the most famous cartoons of a brilliant career: it depicted a visibly pregnant Drapeau on the phone, saying: “‘Ello? Morgentaler?” *** When the Games finally opened, problems plagued the event itself, too. As it would do with debt, corruption and construction chaos, the Montreal Olympics inspired a trend in boycotts, when 22 African nations refused to participatebecause the IOC would not ban New Zealand for sending the All Blacks rugby team to tour apartheid South Africa. It caught on: western nations boycotted Moscow in 1980 over the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and communist nations retaliated in Los Angeles in 1984. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Montreal’s Olympic Stadium. Photograph: Design Pics Inc/Alamy Stock PhotoMontreal also broke the mould in security. Following the terrorist tragedy at Munich four years earlier, the security bill ended up running to another $100m (more than 80% of what the entire event was initially supposed to cost), not including the cost of the Canadian forces enlisted to help keep order. Meanwhile, some of the athletes were tainted by accusations of doping, including legendary Finnish postman and distance runner Lasse Virén, who was suspected of transfusing his own blood – a practice that was legal at the time, though Viren has always denied it. Far more serious was the treatment of East German athletes, who dominated their events in part because, the world later learned, they’d been fed performance-enhancing drugs for decades, sometimes without their knowledge, under a programme known as State Plan 14.25. Many later suffered psychological problems and had children with birth defects. The struggle in Iqaluit: north and south collide in Canada's Arctic capital Read more In the end, the athletes themselves redeemed at least some portion of the Olympic expense: the Games themselves went off relatively well. If the relentlessly self-promoting American decathlon gold medalist Bruce Jenner caused a few eyeballs to roll, he was overshadowed by the refrigerator-built Soviet weightlifter Vasily Alekseyev, who repeated his heavyweight gold from Munich and set an Olympic record in the snatch while lifting 440kg. And in the first full day of competition, the 14-year-old diminutive Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci earned a perfect 10 on the uneven bars – she went on to become the 1976 Olympics’ unquestioned individual star. Canada, meanwhile, became the first host nation to fail to win a gold medal on home soil, a feat made no less exceptional for being repeated at the Calgary Winter Olympics 12 years later. The glow began to fade with the closing ceremonies on 1 August. The final tally of the cost for the Olympics was $1.6bn, a more than 13-fold increase, including at least $1.1bn for the stadium alone. In popular lore, the Big O had officially become the Big Owe. When all was said and done, the city was left with debt that took 30 years to pay off. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Nadia Comăneci, of Romania, dismounts during a perfect 10 performance. Photograph: Paul Vathis/AP*** On 15 November 1976, running on a platform of good government in the wake of the scandals and cost overruns, René Lévesque’s separatist Parti Québecois (PQ) won its first provincial election. The PQ’s promise to hold a referendum on leaving Canada touched off a full-scale anglophone panic in bilingual Montreal, especially within the business community. Sun Life, the huge insurance company, was the first of a stream of Montreal-based corporations to move down Highway 401 to Toronto. When the referendum was eventually held in 1980, Lévesque and the “yes” side lost decisively, but by the end of the 1980s Canada’s financial capital had shifted firmly from St Jacques Street to Bay Street, Toronto. Between 1971 and 1981, the English-speaking population of Montreal declined by nearly 100,000; over the next 20 years – which included another referendum in 1995, that only kept Quebec in Canada by a narrow margin of 50.6% to 49.4% – it would shrink by another 100,000. It would take 30 years for the city of Montreal to retire the Olympic debt Like some medieval castle under a warlock’s curse, the Olympic stadium – visible from dozens of different vantage points in the city, an inescapable reminder of what went wrong – continued to be plagued with problems. In the 1980s, the tower caught fire. In August of 1986, a chunk of it fell on to the baseball field, forcing the Expos to postpone a game. In September of 1991, a bigger 55-tonne concrete slab fell on to an empty walkway. The OIB reassured the public no one was underneath it, prompting one columnist to ask: “How do they know?” The retractable roof never happened; instead, an orange Kevlar roof was finally installed in April of 1987. It tore repeatedly, until it was replaced in 1998 by a fixed roof, which cost another $37m. In the winter of the next year, that roof tore under a heavy snow load, sending a small avalanche of ice cascading on to workers preparing for a motor show. To this day, in a northern Canadian city that averages roughly 50cm of snow a month in winter, the Olympic Stadium cannot be used if the snow load exceeds 3cm. The OIB claims the only thing more expensive than a permanent steel roof (estimated cost: $200m-$300m) would be to tear the whole thing down (estimated cost: $1bn). Their figure has been widely debunked. The roof remains in place, and the Big O now lacks a full-time tenant: the Expos played their last game in 2004 and the franchise moved to Washington DC. Facebook Twitter Pinterest The 200,000 sq ft, 65-tonne Kevlar roof at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal was expected to last 25 years. Photograph: Shaun Best/ReutersThe stadium aside, Montreal did get some bang for its Olympic buck. The excellent Claude Robillard Sports Centre in the city’s north end is still used by thousands of athletes, and the one-time Velodrome has been converted to the Biodome, an enormously popular indoor nature museum. The claim has also been made that the Montreal Olympics proper turned a profit, which is true only if you chalk up the various purpose-built venues, the stadium in particular, to infrastructure. In any case, it would take 30 years for the city of Montreal to retire the Olympic debt. A commission headed by superior court judge Albert Malouf to probe Olympic corruption spent three years, and another $3m, before releasing a 908-page report in 1980 that laid blame squarely at the feet of the mayor. Taillibert, Phaneuf and others shared some of the responsibility, in Malouf’s view, but Drapeau was the principal culprit, with his hands-on style and his habit of turning a blind eye to the shenanigans around him. Top officials and contractors were convicted of fraud and corruption. They included Niding, Drapeau’s right-hand man, who was convicted of breach of trust and sentenced to one day in jail and a $75,000 fine, and contractor Regis Trudeau, who also received a one-day jail sentence and a $100,000 fine. Even Claude Rouleau, head of the OIB installed to stop the bleeding, was found guilty of breach of trust for accepting gifts in connection with the Olympic construction and was ordered to pay $31,000. Fining the miscreants, unfortunately, didn’t help pay off much of the debt. In order to rid itself of the Olympic burden city hall had to skimp on urban essentials for years. Even now, with a belated rush to repair its crumbling infrastructure,Montreal is still paying the price for decades of neglect. *** Forty years on, however, Montreal has endured. The sour jokes about the stadium, the corruption and the Olympic debt are now part of the culture. The separatist movement that convulsed the city in the immediate aftermath of the debacle also brought some much-needed social change. Welcome to the new Toronto: the most fascinatingly boring city in the world Read more Montreal survived by reinventing itself on a smaller, more viable scale. If Toronto seized the mantle of Canada’s financial capital, Montreal is the unquestioned capital of culture, a vibrant city of street art, sculpture and world-class jazz, fireworks, comedy and fringe festivals, the city no longer just of Leonard Cohen but of Arcade Fire and Cirque du Soleil. Le Bistro is long gone, but Montreal is still hip, the bars and restaurants and clubs the liveliest in the country, a walking city where the cafes are full all day long and joie de vivretrumps quotidian worries over such inconvenient details as bounced rent cheques and unpaid parking tickets. Montreal remains the polar opposite of money and real-estate obsessed Toronto – though where it was once a smaller, colder Paris, Montreal is now more North American, less European, less blithely certain of its position in the universe. Nevertheless, the Olympic debt is paid, separatism is a diminished force and there is even a tentative plan afoot to bring back the Expos. When spring finally comes after the long winters, there is a buoyant sense of rebirth and confidence in the future. If you can ignore the potholes and the still-simmering controversies over municipal corruption, Montreal is once again a great place to live. But you can’t escape the sense that the city might have had it all. In truth, before the Olympics, it did. Guardian Cities is devoting a week to exploring all things Canada. Get involved onTwitter and Facebook and share your thoughts with #GuardianCanada
  6. Mulroney: un Québécois blessé 08/09/2007 10h38 Oubliez les savantes analyses sur «la vengeance de l’Irlandais» et sur le désir de Brian Mulroney de dépasser Pierre Elliott Trudeau dans les livres d’histoire. L’histoire est plus simple: «le petit gars de Baie-Comeau», Québécois dans ses tripes, espérait réconcilier ses «chums» de l’université Laval de Québec, avec son Canada. Malheur à ceux qui se sont mis sur son chemin! La question – qui fut le meilleur premier ministre? – des professeurs d’université en ont déjà disposé: le bilan de Mulroney fut, et de loin, meilleur que celui de son rival. Mais ses amis québécois lui avaient parlé de «la nuit des longs couteaux» et des cicatrices que cela avait laissées. C’est tout de même bien Lucien Bouchard, entre autres, qui lui avait fait dire, à Sept-Îles le 6 août 1984: «Il y a au Québec des blessures à guérir, des inquiétudes à dissiper, de l’enthousiasme à recréer et des liens de confiance à rétablir (…) Nous modifierons la Constitution pour que le Québec puisse signer – avec dignité et fierté – le document qu’il a rejeté en 1981…» On peut dire que, le 30 avril 1987, Brian Mulroney avait tenu parole: il avait amené ses dix collègues des provinces à signer un document constitutionnel remplissant les conditions posées par Robert Bourassa pour signer la Constitution d’avril 1982. Ce sont deux Québécois, Pierre Trudeau le 27 mai suivant, et Lucien Bouchard le samedi 19 mai 1990, qui ont torpillé l’opération et ont certainement privé Brian Mulroney d’une place importante dans les livres d’Histoire du Canada. D’ailleurs, beaucoup de premiers ministres de l’époque, comme Peter Lougheed de l’Alberta et David Peterson de l’Ontario, ont regretté par la suite que l’Accord du lac Meech ait été rejeté – par Clyde Wells de Terre-Neuve. Ils jugent que c’eût été un bien petit prix à payer pour acheter la paix constitutionnelle et éviter surtout le référendum d’octobre 1995. Contrairement à ce que disaient les dirigeants du Parti libéral du Canada cette semaine, ce n’est pas seulement le Parti conservateur qui a payé cher cette crise politique. Il faut rappeler qu’après le départ de Brian Mulroney, le Bloc a fait élire 54 députés au Québec et Lucien Bouchard est devenu chef de l’Opposition aux Communes, tandis que le Parti réformiste de Preston Manning arrivait à Ottawa avec 52 députés de l’Ouest. Ah oui, Jean Chrétien devenait premier ministre, mais seulement avec l’appui de l’Ontario et des Maritimes. Ce n’est pas tout à fait le Canada ça! Brian Mulroney règle-t-il ses comptes avec l’auguste Pierre Elliott Trudeau? Bien sûr. Un peu… Mais si le premier tient des propos très durs dans ses Mémoires, il faut se souvenir des insultes du second dans La Presse et le Toronto Star du 27 mai 1987. Le rédacteur en chef du quotidien de la rue Saint-Jacques aurait souhaité modifier des passages, la conclusion en particulier, qui accusait Brian Mulroney d’être un «pleutre» et les premiers ministres des provinces des«eunuques». «J’ai signalé à Monsieur Trudeau que certains passages de son texte allaient un peu loin», m’avait confié Michel Roy. Mais l’homme avait refusé de changer quoi que ce soit. Quant à la «trahison» de Lucien Bouchard, elle a peut-être fait encore plus mal car elle confirme que Brian Mulroney fut bien imprudent de «flirter» avec des nationalistes québécois. Les signes avant-coureurs de la démission de Bouchard n’ont pas manqué. Déjà en décembre 1988, lorsque la Cour suprême avait voulu empêcher Québec d’interdire l’affichage commercial en anglais, Bouchard s’était rangé du côté de Robert Bourassa. Contre Brian Mulroney. Ce fut la première rupture entre les deux copains de la Faculté de droit de l’université Laval. Puis en février 1990, Lucien Bouchard m’avait quasiment annoncé sa démission. Ministre de l’Environnement, il multipliait les mises en garde au Canada anglais au point où le Bureau de Brian Mulroney exigeait de voir ses discours avant qu’il ne les prononce. Mais les bureaucrates n’avaient pas assisté à l’entretien de deux heures que nous avons eu ensemble, assis sur le bord de mon lit, dans un hôtel de Chicoutimi. Il m’expliquait les raisons de son engagement avec le Parti conservateur à Ottawa… «On peut pas continuer comme ça: il faut qu’ils nous acceptent comme on est, me dit Bouchard le 9 février 1990. Mulroney, c’est quelqu’un qui est allé à Ottawa à la tête d’une délégation de nationalistes, pas des agressifs, pas des fanatiques mais des gens de bon sens… Mulroney, c’est celui qui a été porté au pouvoir par le Québec pour aller tenter de façonner le visage du fédéralisme d’une façon telle que ce soit un peu plus hospitalier pour nous… Ce que René Lévesque lui-même n’aura pas pu expliquer au Canada anglais, les francophones du Québec ont pensé que Mulroney, lui qui parle bien l’anglais, qui est un anglophone lui-même, pourrait l’expliquer… Le pire, c’est que Mulroney non plus, ça marche pas…» Pourquoi Lucien Bouchard n’a-t-il pas quitté le gouvernement du Canada alors ? Il était jeune marié. Il venait d’être père pour la première fois de sa vie, à 52 ans. Il était fauché, presque ruiné par un récent divorce. Il avait besoin d’argent, et ce n’étaient pas ses amis du Parti québécois – Bernard Landry et Jacques Parizeau en particulier – qui pourraient l’aider avec une nomination politique: eux aussi étaient dans l’opposition. Qui, de Brian Mulroney ou de Lucien Bouchard a trahi l’autre? Curieux retour de l’histoire, la une du Journal de Montréal, cette semaine, ressemblait beaucoup à celle du Journal de Québec du 6 novembre 1981, après la «nuit des longs couteaux». Un mot en particulier ressort en grosses lettres: «trahi»! [Cette première page du Journal de Québec, avec la photographie de Pierre Trudeau et de Jean Chrétien, hilares, et le gros titre: «Le Québec est trahi!», Lucien Bouchard va la brandir le 25 octobre 1995, en direct sur tous les réseaux de télévision du pays…] Voilà bien la seule chose sur laquelle Lucien Bouchard et Brian Mulroney se rejoignent encore aujourd’hui: dans la nuit du 4 au 5 novembre 1981, Pierre Trudeau et Jean Chrétien ont «trahi» le Québec. Cela n’empêche pas le Canada anglais de dormir. Et au Québec, la blessure n’est toujours pas cicatrisée…
  7. Affaires Aéroport de Québec : déjà 65 millions $ engagés 6 janvier 2012 | 06h48 Agence QMI Le projet de 225M$ visant l'agrandissement et la modernisation de l'aéroport de Québec deviendra significatif au cours des prochains mois. Annie Saint-Pierre Agence QMI Le projet de 225 millions de dollars visant l'agrandissement et la modernisation de l'aéroport de Québec deviendra significatif au cours des prochains mois avec le tiers des investissements qui sont déjà engagés dans le projet. « Nous avons débuté avec la réalisation de nombreux travaux civils au cours des derniers mois et nous allons franchir des étapes importantes en 2012 », expose M. Jonathan Trudeau, porte-parole de l'Aéroport. Jusqu'ici, les surfaces portantes du secteur des passerelles 23, 24 et 30 ont été refaites et le tablier 3 a été prolongé considérablement sur le tarmac afin de faire plus de place à la réception du cargo, notamment en raison du Plan Nord. Tout récemment, les deux voies de circulation pour les avions donnant accès à l'extrémité de la piste 24 ont été resurfacées. Des passerelles d'embarquement ont été ajoutées aux portes 26 et 27 afin de permettre aux passagers de certains vols intérieurs d'être reliés au terminal plutôt qu'à l'extérieur, à partir du sol. En 2012 Au cours des prochains mois, le chantier de construction se déplacera du côté d'une nouvelle caserne pour les pompiers de l'aéroport et d'un centre d'entretien qui seront relocalisés à l'entrée du site. Selon la direction, l'élargissement du tablier 1 sera entamé en 2012 afin de permettre aux gros porteurs de se croiser sur le site, aux heures de pointe, ce qui n'est pas possible présentement. « Il s'agit d'un important morceau du projet qui va grandement améliorer le fonctionnement du trafic aérien », signale M. Trudeau. À venir Les gouvernements du Québec et du Canada ont versé 50 millions de dollars chacun dans ce projet tandis que l'Aéroport assumera le reste de la facture, soit 125 millions. Le terminal actuel est d'une superficie de 293 000 pieds carrés, et elle sera doublée avec ce projet. Toutefois, cet agrandissement se verra seulement à la fin du plan quinquennal en 2015, étant la dernière étape qui figure au programme de modernisation. Trois passerelles d'embarquement supplémentaires s'ajouteront pour faire face à la croissance de l'achalandage prévue pour les prochaines années à Québec. Les zones douanières et l'aire d'attente du côté sécurisé seront agrandies et d'autres commerces se joindront aux existants. Quant au stationnement étagé tant attendu, il devrait être entrepris en 2013 pour plusieurs centaines de places. M. Trudeau parle d'une structure qui ne pourra pas dépasser la hauteur du bâtiment administratif actuel, qui est de quatre étages. L'arrivée d'un hôtel sur le site de l'aéroport Jean-Lesage figure parmi les éléments les plus importants du plan de développement et il devrait se concrétiser en 2013.
  8. Didn't know where to post this, but it makes the most sense here... Trudeau Airport was mentioned on Jeopardy last night... here's the link to youtube! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hHKgaqL5d8 The category was International Airports... they were given the name of the airport and they had to answer the city it is located in. The category begins at 7:08. Trudeau was worth $1000.
  9. http://montrealgazette.com/news/local-news/josh-freed-the-winds-of-change-are-blowing-and-they-just-might-transform-montreal The winds of change are blowing and they just might transform Montreal -WE NEED MORE ARTICLES LIKE THIS DAMMIT!
  10. Passenger growth down, revenues up at Trudeau The Gazette Published: 1 hour ago Passenger traffic at Montreal-Trudeau International Airport grew by a lacklustre 0.4 per cent during the second quarter of 2008, as the economic slowdown in the U.S. drove down transborder traffic by four per cent, the Aéroports de Montréal said today. For the first six months of 2008, traffic at Montreal-Trudeau rose 2.8 per cent to 6.3 million passengers over the same period in 2007, mostly fueled by international flights. While an increase in payroll and pension payments drove up operating costs by 8.6 per cent during the first six months of fiscal 2008, revenues as of June 30, 2008 were up by $24.8 million, a 15.9 per cent rise over the half-year figure for 2007. The increase is mainly attributable to increased aeronautical fees and airport improvement fees, as well as small growth in passenger traffic, the airport authority said. Airport fees are now being contested by carriers who have asked the ADM for a break as they struggle with high fuel prices. The ADM usually sets its rates during the fall. And the authority appears to have some leeway. For the second quarter of 2008, the ADM made $2.6 million in revenues, over expenses, up from $2.3 million during the same period a year earlier. For the first half of the year, the airport authority made $11 million in net earnings, compared to $2.4 million for the same period in 2007.
  11. PROPOSITION : HANGAR D'ENTRETIEN - AIR TRANSAT Montréal , Qc CLIENT : ADM - AIR TRANSAT COÛT : 18 000 000 $ SUPERFICIE : 160 000 PI2 Proposition pour la réalisation d’un nouveau hangar d’entretien d’aéronefs à l’aéroport Pierre Elliott Trudeau à Montréal. Description : un secteur administratif, un magasin des pièces et un hangard d’entretien. http://leclerc-architectes.com/projets_realises/transport/proposition_air_transat/
  12. http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/10/travel/justin-trudeau-canada-having-a-moment-feat/ It's been years since the U.S. has looked so lovingly upon its neighbor to the north, Canada. Sure, there were Expo 67 and the 1976 Olympics, when Montreal was the center of the world. Sure, Bob and Doug McKenzie invited us to the "Great White North" in 1980 and had a big hit with their song "Take Off." But recently, the country some wags have called "America's Hat" has been more in the news than ever, thanks to its handsome prime minister and our less-than-handsome election campaign. Described by Vogue as "dashing" and "strikingly young and wavy-haired," Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is reviving the Trudeaumania inspired by his father's entry into politics. Frolicking with pandas and a knack for selfies have only deepened the younger Trudeau's appeal. As the new prime minister launches into his country's first official visit and state dinner in 19 years, here are some reasons why Canada is always in season -- even when it's underneath several feet of snow: A warm welcome Canadian radio DJ Rob Calabrese created the "Cape Breton If Trump Wins" site in late February as a joke. But a few weeks and more than 800,000 clicks later, he says that thousands of his U.S. neighbors are seriously considering a move to Canada if Donald Trump becomes president. Serene Canadian island courts Trump refugees It's actually much harder to immigrate to Canada than simply fleeing north in your packed Prius, but Trudeau has put out the welcome mat. "Cape Breton is lovely all times of the year," Trudeau said. "And if people do want to make choices that perhaps suit their lifestyles better, Canada is always welcoming." Creative exports While Canada has long provided Hollywood with a diverse collection of talent, there's a wide array to admire right now. Rachel McAdams was recently nominated for an Academy Award for her role in best-picture winner "Spotlight," Ryan Reynolds has gained a new following with "Deadpool," and Drake's "Hotline Bling" made a big splash in 2015. Ellen Page, Seth Rogan and television and movie star Michael J. Fox, whose foundation may help unlock the clues to a cure for Parkinson's disease, are also bringing Canada to Hollywood. And we always enjoy the work of that mighty fine Ryan Gosling. Gosling is always having a moment. The redheaded orphan who put Prince Edward Island on the map for young readers may be fictional, but the "Anne of Green Gables" series by Lucy Maude Montgomery has lured generations of tourists to the picturesque island. The author's birthplace is a museum, and the Green Gables Heritage Place features a house like the one Anne occupied. And yes, there are Anne tours. Natural beauty and cultural preservation Americans have the Colorado Rockies and the 59 parks of the National Park Service. But Canadians have incredible, wild protected nature as well. Ask a Canadian, and they'll tell you (politely) that they prefer the Canadian Rockies. We recommend starting with Banff National Park, Canada's oldest national park. For travelers looking for a bit of Old World charm, there's the lovely city of Montreal, where many residents don't mind if your French is terrible. Are you trying? That counts for something. Stay longer and learn how to speak the North American version of French, all the while reading all official government publications and commercial product labeling in both English and French. Bon voyage/enjoy your trip!