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  1. Copenhaguiser Montréal, qu’ossa donne? MATHIAS MARCHAL MÉTRO 17 février 2010 20:42 http://www.journalmetro.com/linfo/article/455254--copenhaguiser-montreal-qu-ossa-donne Avez-vous vu comment Times Square, à New York, a été repensé l’été dernier pour devenir une gigantesque place publique? C’est en partie grâce au célèbre architecte danois Jan Gehl. Deux de ses disciples de Copenhague sont à Montréal cette semaine, à l’invitation du Centre d’écologie urbaine. Voici un échantillon de leurs pistes de réflexion pour que le citoyen se réapproprie l’espace public et que Montréal se «copenhaguise». À pied En repensant la configuration de la rue Broadway, à New York, les piétons et les cyclistes ont pu reprendre un peu de place aux voitures. C’est à Times Square que la transformation est la plus frappante. «Avant, 81 % de l’espace était occupé par la route, ce qui est ironique pour un endroit qui s’appelle "Times Square"», explique Kristian Villadsen. L’été dernier, le square avait regagné 60 % de la superficie, grâce à de magnifiques terrasses permettant aux piétons de profiter du lieu. À Montréal, ce genre d’initiative, qui a déjà cours dans le Village gai pendant l’été, pourrait très bien se déplacer vers le Plateau. Sur l’avenue du Mont-Royal, les terrasses des restaurants qui ouvrent l’été, habituellement sur le trottoir, seraient cette fois installées sur des places de stationnement. L’arrondissement envisage aussi d’aménager une place publique autour de la station de métro Mont-Royal. À Vélo «Croyez-le ou non, mais il y a 40 ans, il y avait peu de cyclistes à Copenha gue, lance Kristian Villadsen, chef de projet chez Gehl Architects. Aujourd’hui, 37 % se déplacent à vélo pour aller au travail, 33 % en transport en commun et 23 % en voiture.» Chez nous, 67 % des travailleurs de la métropole vont travailler en voiture. Comment y est-on arrivé? En construisant plusieurs centaines de kilomètres de pistes cyclables en site proté gé et en s’arrangeant pour qu’il soit plus rapide de se déplacer à vélo qu’en auto. Là-bas, certains feux de circulation passent au vert six secondes plus tôt pour les cyclistes et le transport en commun. Sur certaines pistes, on a même synchronisé les feux pour que les cyclistes qui roulent à 20 km/h profitent du vert tout au long de leur trajet. Une majorité de cyclistes Un chiffre qui devrait intéresser les Montréalais : 70 % des cyclistes copenha guois garderaient leur vélo l’hiver. «C’est sûr que nos hivers sont un peu moins neigeux, mais ils sont quand même assez proches des vôtres, prétend Kristian Villadsen. Le secret, c’est qu’on a bâti une culture du vélo et que, dans la mesure du possible, les pistes cyclables et les trottoirs sont dégagés avant les rues.» En Patins À Montréal comme à Copenhague, on a aménagé plusieurs patinoires qui, en plus de favoriser l’exercice, créent de l’animation. Mais pourquoi toujours patiner en rond? À Copenhague l’hiver, sur le lac Soerne, on aménage une piste pour ceux qui aiment faire de la distance. Une idée qui serait tout à fait applicable sur la piste cyclable qui longe le canal Lachine et qui n’est généralement pas déneigée l’hiver. En la préparant et en l’entretenant comme une patinoire, on aurait l’hiver une im*mense piste patinable de plus de 12 km entre le centre-ville et le sud-ouest de l’Île. -------------- Copenhaguisation 101 : Le développement urbain que prône l’architecte Jan Gehl consiste à placer le citoyen au cœur des projets d’urbanisme. «La méthode traditionnelle consiste à construire un édifice, d’appeler ensuite un paysagiste et d’espérer que la population s’appropriera l’endroit, explique l’architecte Kristian Villadsen. Nous, on fait l’inverse, on conçoit des lieux qui favorisent d’abord les échanges.» Ce n’est pas un hasard d’ailleurs si son cabinet emploie une anthropologue diplômée de l’Université McGill, Louise Kielgast. -------------- Fait vécu: Montréal peut mieux faire Pascoal Gomes travaille au Centre d’écologie urbaine, l’organisme qui a invité les deux architectes danois. Il a vécu mercredi une situation qui montre le chemin qui reste à parcourir à Montréal pour rejoindre Copenhague. «Je sortais du métro Parc pour rejoindre l’arrêt de bus. Comme il n’y a pas de passage piéton qui y mène, j’ai traversé directement la rue. Il y avait au moins huit policiers qui verbalisaient les piétons et j’ai récolté une amende de 37 $, déplore-t-il. La répression des piétons, alors que c’est la Ville qui ne crée pas la signalisation adéquate pour leur faciliter la vie, ça n’est surtout pas ça, la Copenha gui sation!» --------------
  2. http://www.ecologieurbaine.net/2012-10-18-udem-jan-gehl Conférence-midi - UdeM | Jan Gehl : Pour des villes à échelle humaine Ajouter à mon horaire 18 octobre 2012, 12h00 - 13h30 CONFÉRENCE-MIDI de 45 minutes en anglais. La présentation sera suivie d'une brève période d'échange avec le public et d'une séance de signatures. INSCRIPTION fortement conseillée Places limitées - Entrée libre Inscrivez-vous dès maintenant ici, ou à partir du bouton au bas de cette page UNE CO-ORGANISATION du Centre d'écologie urbaine de Montréal avec Université de Montréal Amphithéâtre Hydro-Québec (local 1120) Faculté de l’aménagement 2940, ch. de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine Montréal QC Métro Université-de-Montréal Itinéraire Google Maps Conférence-midi Cette conférence résumera la vision et les propositions de Jan Gehl pour des villes à échelle humaine. Jan Gehl est de passage à Montréal pour le lancement de l'édition française de son livre Cities for people publié par les Éditions Écosociété, en collaboration avec le Centre d'écologie urbaine de Montréal, l'Ordre des urbanistes du Québec et Mission Design. Pour des villes à échelle humaine, qui est le fruit de 50 années de travail de cet important penseur et praticien de l’urbanisme, est appelé à devenir un outil indispensable pour construire les « écocités » de demain. M. Jan Gehl Professeur émérite de design urbain de l’Académie royale des beaux-arts du Danemark et membre honoraire de plusieurs organisations, dont l’Institut royal d’architecture du Canada. Fondateur et associé de Gehl Architects, il a travaillé au réaménagement de villes comme Copenhague, Londres, Amman, Melbourne, New York, Seattle et San Francisco. Architecte MAA et FRIBA, M. Gehl a reçu le prix Sir Patrick Abercrombie pour ses contributions exemplaires à l’aménagement des villes de la part de l’Union internationale des architectes ainsi qu’un doctorat honorifique de l’Université Heriot-Watt à Edimbourg. Jan Gehl a obtenu un post-doctorat international honorifique de la part du Royal Institute of British Architects (Int. FRIBA) en 2006 ainsi que de l’American Institute of Architecture et d’Architecture Canada en 2008. Jan Gehl est l'auteur de plusieurs livres incluant Life between Buildings, Public Spaces, Public Life, et Cities for People. Pour des villes à échelle humaine est le premier livre à être traduit en français. S'enregistrer maintenant
  3. http://www.smart-magazine.com/en/jan-gehl-architect-interview/ Jan_Gehl_Portrait The city whisperer Portrait 3 minutes read - Oliver Herwig on November 3rd, 2015 Jan Gehl champions something that few architects have mastered: cities for people. The Dane favors compact neighborhoods over grand master plans. The 79-year-old city planner values the wishes of residents over architecture. And his resounding success proves him right. Ssssshhhhhrrrrr. In the background, a cordless screwdriver buzzes away. Jan Gehl apologizes for the distraction; “Excuse me, they’re doing some work in the kitchen.” Life is quite busy for the professor emeritus and city planner. As a city planner, Gehl‘s detail orientation and screw-tightening skills come in handy wherever mayors or councilors realize that something needs to change. Over the past few years, they have been beating a path to his door: Gehl is considered a top global expert on humane cities. “I’m an idealist,” states the 79-year-old. “And the projects I’m working on are all about creating better environments for pedestrians and public life.” To Gehl, both of these are intrinsically linked – people should be able to experience their city on foot. He goes on to scoff that we know more about the perfect habitat for Siberian tigers than a good environment for people. His wife Ingrid and he started out studying life in the cities – and then traveled to Italy on a grant in 1965. In 1971, “Livet mellem husene,” life between buildings, was the first result of their studies between streets and squares – and turned out to be quite a flop. Yet Gehl labored on and continued to hone and develop his methods over the years, by then a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Arts. Jan Gehl Brighton “My projects are all about creating better environments for pedestrians”. Photo: Gehl Architects Gehl’s foremost success is Copenhagen Today, his successes prove him right. And the standout example is Copenhagen – the city of Gehl’s alma mater, teaching career, and a company he co-founded. In a way, it serves as an open-air lab for his ideas: All the way back in 1965, the city – advised by Gehl – created Europe’s longest pedestrian zone, the Strøget. Copenhagen has become a template for the fundamental shift from post war car-centric cities to more pedestrian-friendly 21st century metropolises. “In order to reclaim a human dimension, city planners need to re-evaluate the many capacity-friendly ideas,” he states in the recently released “Cities for People”. This means: Our cities are filled with too many traffic lights, narrow sidewalks, and multi-lane highways that squeeze in pedestrians and force them to cross streets in a rush. According to Gehl, that’s not a given: “There is a good, pedestrian-friendly solution for any traffic planning issue.” And he adds that “it is high time to revisit our priorities.” To this end, Gehl has introduced a check list of small changes that – taken together – produce great results. He favors “polite reminders” (as in Copenhagen) over flashing traffic lights that “encourage hasty crossings” (as in New York City). Gloomy pedestrian underpasses (like the one near Zurich’s train station) should be replaced by sunlit “zebra crossings at street level.” Copenhagen stroget Jan Gehl Advised by Gehl, Copenhagen installed Europe’s longest pedestrian zone, the Strøget. Photo: Yadid Levy / Getty Images From New York City to Shanghai: a globally sought-after urban consultant Gehl knows cities better than most. Paraphrasing a well-known analogy, some people are good with horses and become horse whisperers, while others are good with people. The latter usually become doctors, nurses, or priests. As a city planner, Jan Gehl is a little bit of all. First and foremost, however, he is a self-professed “missionary.” He preaches human scale development and has been consulting for cities around the world for years, helping them to redesign entire neighborhoods to benefit their residents. The formula is simple: go to the city, observe, and listen. And then join together to effect change. A fun video on his website tells the story behind it all. It took the love of developmental psychologist Ingrid to open the builder’s eyes: Architecture should serve people. In this spirit, Jan Gehl draws on insights by sociologists and psychologists to turn ivory tower planning into bona fide collaborations. The Herald Square before Jan Gehl The Herald Square in New York City before … Photo: DOT The Herald Square after Jan Gehl … and after Gehl Architects. Photo: DOT Gehl’s top priority: the human scale His drive really picked up in 2000 when Gehl and Helle Søholt, a former student, joined forces to found the company Gehl Architects. Maybe, it’s all just a question of scale. Modernism delighted in completely redesigning metropolises or conjuring up abstract plans on the drawing board. Builders like Le Corbusier, who considered rented dwellings “housing units” or “living machines,” liked to subdivide cities by function. This is a kind of thinking Gehl would like to leave behind. The architect is less interested in models and buildings than in their residents. Over the years, Gehl came up with a range of basic principles that support and define thriving communities around the world. One of these rules might be not to build skyscrapers since six or more levels up residents lose touch with the street and feel removed from it all. Or: consider the ground floor. It shouldn’t be uniform or forbidding, but varied and full of surprises. MarDelPlata Jan Gehl Gehl’s formula is simple: … Photo: Municipality of Mar del Plata Mar Del Plata Jan Gehl … go to the city, observe, and listen. Photo: Municipality of Mar del Plata “Better city spaces, more city life“ Nowadays, Gehl provides coaching for cities like New York City, Shanghai, Singapore, St. Petersburg, or Almaty. And his insights sound so simple, matter of fact, and even trivial that it can be hard to fathom how our modern cities, divided by functions, could ever have forgotten these wisdoms. “Better city spaces, more city life,” one of his premises states. High quality spaces encourage leisure activities and interactions. “It’s so obvious, we have simply overlooked it.” P.S. The interview was conducted over an old telephone on the fifth floor of a building in the center of Munich. Sao Paulo Jan Gehl “Better city spaces, more city life.“ Phpto: Luis E. S. Brettas Header image: Sandra Henningsson / Rights Gehl Architects sent via Tapatalk
  4. Un article intéressant de la Gazette (que je trouve d'ailleurs riche en contenue local, architectural et urbanistique). L'urbaniste et architecte danois Jan Gelh y va de quelques propositions intéressantes (qui feront plus plaisir à Étienne qu'à Malek, je soupçonne... ), que je partage tout à fait. Je les ai mises en gras. Green Life Column: Put cyclists in the driver's seat A city that does everything it can to invite people to walk or bicycle is vibrant, healthy and more sustainable - and yes, we can do that here By Michelle Lalonde, The Gazette The key to making Montreal a more economically vibrant, healthy, safe and attractive city is for city planners and politicians to focus on making it "irresistible" for people to get out of their cars and onto bicycles, public transit and their own two feet. That is the view of Jan Gehl, a world-renowned Danish architect and urban design consultant, who spoke recently to a packed lecture hall at McGill University about the importance of designing people-oriented, rather than car-oriented, cities. "In a people-oriented city, we do everything we can to invite people to walk or bicycle as much as possible in the course of their daily doings," said Gehl, with careful emphasis on the word "invite." Gehl comes from Copenhagen, a city where only 30 per cent of residents drive to work or school and 37 per cent cycle, 28 per cent take public transit, five per cent walk. The life work of Gehl has been to research and document the incremental changes that have brought about Copenhagen's transformation from a car-oriented city in the 1960s to one of the most bike-able cities in the world today. He has been hired by dozens of cities around the world, including Melbourne, Australia, and most recently, New York, to advise them on how to do what Copenhagen did (but faster). City planners panicked back in the 1950s and '60s, Gehl says, when cars started to invade city streets. Traffic departments set about figuring out how to make cars move smoothly through cities and park easily, but forgot about all the other ways people might want to use public space. "For 50 years, the purpose of the city has been to make the cars happy, when they are moving and when they are parked. We have done our planning as if there are no other important issues in the city," he said. Back in 1966, around the time Amsterdam started introducing pedestrian streets, Gehl decided what was needed was meticulous study of how people use urban spaces. His research showed that measures to make people safer and happier on their feet or on two wheels improved the economy and the vibrancy of city life. For example, he was able to show that four times as many people come to Copenhagen's downtown now than 20 years ago, and that removing one parking space resulted in two well-used café seats, a measure of the vibrancy of the downtown core. So how did Copenhagen do it? Yes, there were measures to discourage driving, such as a gradual reduction in parking spaces, about three per cent per year. But the main tactic, Gehl said, was just making the city a very pleasant place to be on foot or bicycle. Main streets were closed to car traffic. Sidewalk cafés sprouted everywhere. Multi-lane streets were reduced in width so that sidewalks could be widened, medians added and trees planted. A seamless network of bike paths was established, separated from the parked cars and sidewalks by curbs. Special lights were installed at intersections, giving priority to pedestrians and cyclists. Bike routes were painted a brilliant blue at intersections to remind motorists to expect cyclists. And the cyclists came, in droves. (To get an idea of what Copenhagen's streets are like now, check out a promotional music video made for the city of Copenhagen's bicycle department at http://vimeo.com/4208874.) But surely none of this could possibly work in Montreal, naysayers will argue. What about Montreal's winters? And what about our love for driving fast and ignoring the rules of the road? "I've never worked in a city where somebody didn't take me aside to say, 'Jan, this is all very nice, but here we have a specific culture, because of the climate (or whatever else) we have a car culture,' " Gehl said. But even in cities like Melbourne, which Gehl noted was exactly like most North American cities just a few years ago, big changes have been possible. With wider sidewalks, better street furniture and lighting, more shade trees, etc., that city was able to bump its downtown residential population from 1,000 to 10,000 residents in just over 10 years (1993 to 2004). Imagine what could happen to Old Montreal, or Griffintown, if Montreal followed Gehl's advice? Gehl was in Montreal only for a few days, and at first, he was not impressed. "I had the feeling of a city that has stood mainly still for 30 years. At some point in the '60s or '70s, the parking lots were all laid out, and streets filled with traffic and the widths of the sidewalk were decided and they just kept it like that." But after a closer look, Gehl had this to say: "The more I see of this city, the more I realize that much has been done. I have seen more cyclists here than any other city in North America." Gehl was impressed with Montreal's bike routes, but said they should be between the sidewalks and the parking lanes, not next to moving traffic. The parked cars should protect the cyclists from moving traffic, he said, not the other way around. And Montreal's new Bixi short-term bike rental service is a good way to "get the bike culture rolling." But he said the city should make streets like The Main and Ste. Catherine two-directional, and remove a couple of lanes from larger streets to make room for medians, bike lanes, trees and wider sidewalks. Montreal seems to be moving in the right direction, Gehr said, but much more can be done. "We have to see the city as existing not to make cars happy, but to make people happy. The people in the cars can be happy, too; they just might not be able to drive so fast." And when they get out of their cars, he added, they could enjoy a more attractive, livelier, safer, healthier, more sustainable city.
  5. CO-PRÉSENTÉ PAR LE CENTRE D’ÉCOLOGIE URBAINE DE MONTRÉAL Vendredi 20 septembre + Lundi 23 septembre au Jeudi 26 septembre: 19h00 Samedi 21 septembre et Dimanche 22 septembre: 17h00, 19h00 Le Centre d’écologie urbaine de Montréal s’associe avec le cinéma du Parc pour une grande primeur montréalaise. Le long métrage The Human Scale présentant la philosophie d'intervention de l’architecte danois Jan Gehl sera présenté dans le cadre des activités d’En ville sans ma voiture, le 20 septembre 2013. D’autres représentations sont prévues jusqu’au 26 septembre. À l’approche des élections municipales, le CEUM croit qu'une discussion publique s'impose et que celle-ci doit aborder les enjeux comme l’urbanité, l’aménagement des espaces de vie et de ville. Pour l’occasion, une brochette d’invités de milieu académique, professionnel, associatif et des élus ont été invités à participer à des discussions après chacune des projections du film pour susciter la réflexion sur le thème: Montréal, une ville pour les gens ? 50% de la population humaine vit à l'intérieur de zones urbaines. En 2050, ce chiffre atteindra les 80%. La vie dans les grandes villes est à la fois agréable et problématique. En ces jours sombres, l'humanité fera face à une pénurie de pétrole, de graves changements climatiques, de solitude ainsi que de graves problèmes de santé causés par le mode de vie. Mais pourquoi? AL-JAZEERA DOCUMENTARY FILM FESTIVAL 2013- GAGNANT DU CHILD AND FAMILY AWARD PLANETE DOC, WARSAW 2013 – PRIX GREEN CROSS L'architecte et professeur danois émérite Jan Gehl a étudié le comportement des humains qui vivent dans les villes au cours des quarante dernières années. Il a documenté la façon dont les villes modernes ont des effets néfastes sur l'interaction humaine. Il prétend que des villes peuvent être construites de façon à prendre en considération des besoins fondamentaux de la race humaine, soit l'inclusion et l'intimité. http://www.cinemaduparc.com/prochainement.php?id=humanscale#top
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