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  1. :quebec::quebec: Le fleurdelisé a 60 ans :quebec::quebec: Il y a 60 ans, Maurice Duplessis faisait hisser le drapeau fleurdelisé sur la tour centrale du Parlement à Québec Archives La Tribune Pascal Morin La Tribune SHERBROOKE Le 21 janvier 1948, le premier ministre Maurice Duplessis faisait hisser pour la première fois le drapeau fleurdelisé sur la tour centrale du Parlement à Québec. C'était il y a 60 ans. Pourtant, Marcel Bureau s'en rappelle comme si c'était hier. "À 15 h, le drapeau volait dans les airs au dessus du Parlement, raconte le directeur général de la Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste (SSJB) de Sherbrooke. Au début, les gens étaient réticents parce qu'ils disaient que c'était l'emblème de Duplessis. Mais ils faisaient erreur parce que le fleurdelisé, c'était le drapeau de la SSJB depuis plusieurs années. C'est l'un des plus beaux moments de l'histoire du Québec." -------------------- Lire aussi: La SSJBM souligne le 60e anniversaire du fleurdelisé -------------------- Si on célèbre aujourd'hui la 10e Journée du drapeau, c'est en grande partie en raison des pressions exercées par l'organisme dirigé par Marcel Bureau. "C'est à la suite de nos demandes répétées, ici à Sherbrooke, que le 22 juin 1968, le gouvernement du Québec a adopté un arrêté décrétant que le drapeau doit être hissé en permanence sur tous les édifices gouvernementaux. Et en 1998, nous avons fait des représentations auprès du premier ministre Lucien Bouchard pour que le 21 janvier devienne officiellement la Journée du drapeau. Je conserve d'ailleurs précieusement sa réponse", explique-t-il fièrement. Pour souligner le 10 anniversaire de cette belle réussite, le conseil diocésain de la SSJB de Sherbrooke s'est réuni, hier, aux bureaux de l'organisme situés boulevard Queen. M. Bureau en a profité pour rappeler son attachement au fleurdelisé ainsi que pour remettre un drapeau au président d'honneur Réal Létourneau, vice-président - région des Cantons-de-l'Est chez Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton, et comptable pour la SSJB. http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20080121/CPTRIBUNE/801210890/5206/CPACTUALITES
  2. 20 avril 2007 Les initiatives reliées au développement durable sont nombreuses sur le Plateau-Mont-Royal. L'arrondissement a adopté des mesures s'inscrivant dans cette volonté en cherchant à préserver l'environnement. Le budget participatif du Plateau-Mont-Royal fait place à un volet dédié au développement durable et à la qualité de vie. Quelques centaines de milliers de dollars du Programme triennal d'immobilisation seront allouées à des projets liés au développement durable. «Les gens du Plateau sont vraiment concernés par l'environnement. Il suffit de faire un peu de porte-à-porte pour connaître leur intérêt. Une dame, qui réside dans un logement au troisième étage, nous a fait part de son désir de composter. Ce qui n'est pas évident pour cette locataire. C'est pourquoi, il faut être à l'écoute pour mettre des projets de l'avant», mentionne la mairesse de l'arrondissement Helen Fotopulos. La conseillère municipale Josée Duplessis, responsable du dossier de l'environnement, souligne que l'arrondissement consacre des ressources financières supplémentaires aux initiatives locales. «Il faut toutefois que les résidants réalisent que l'arrondissement ne peut assumer seul le financement de toutes les initiatives», met en garde Mme Duplessis. Les ruelles vertes, qui poussent comme des champignons à l'échelle du Plateau, sont un exemple de partenariat pour assurer la pérennité des projets de verdissement. On ne compte plus les initiatives de verdissement menées par les éco-quartier. En plus de la contribution financière de l'arrondissement, des commanditaires et des partenaires gouvernementaux supportent ces initiatives. Plusieurs initiatives La Commissions de l’aménagement urbain et du développement durable (CAUDD) déposera prochainement son rapport sur la gestion des matières résiduelles. Les conclusions feront partie du plan d'action de l'arrondissement à l'automne prochain. Le Plan de déplacement urbain, actuellement en préparation, prévoit plusieurs actions afin de réduire les gaz à effet de serre, de diminuer la vitesse de la circulation automobile, l'espace réservé à l'automobile et la circulation de transit, améliorer les voies cyclables, etc. Toutes ces suggestions s'inscrivent dans la volonté de doter l'arrondissement d'un développement durable. Cette année, l'arrondissement a modifié sa réglementation afin de réduire le nombre d'espace de stationnement pour les automobiles lors de nouvelles constructions. En contrepartie, les promoteurs doivent prévoir des espaces réservés pour ranger les vélos
  3. De Duplessis à Blackburn André Pratte Éditorial - La Presse samedi 7 juin 2008 Furieux des changements apportés à l’aide financière d’Ottawa pour le développement économique, le ministre québécois Raymond Bachand a comparé son homologue fédéral Jean-Pierre Blackburn à nul autre que Maurice Duplessis. « Il est en train de déstructurer la façon de faire de notre société en matière de développement économique, a déclaré M. Bachand. Il recule au temps de Duplessis qui disait aux industriels demandant une subvention : Venez me voir dans mon bureau, je vais vous faire un chèque. » La comparaison est excessive. Mais l’inquiétude, la colère de M. Bachand et d’une bonne partie du milieu économique québécois, elles, ne le sont pas. Responsable de l’Agence de développement économique du Canada pour les régions du Québec (DEC), M. Blackburn a annoncé en novembre dernier la fin d’importantes subventions versées depuis plusieurs années à quelques dizaines d’organismes à but non lucratif (OBNL) qui se consacrent au développement économique régional. Le ministre a fait savoir que les 30 à 50 millions ainsi économisés chaque année serviront à financer des projets précis « qui ont un début, un milieu et une fin » plutôt que « des crayons et du papier ». Les organismes dont il est question ici sont de toutes tailles, des petits en région jusqu’à Montréal International. Pour la plupart, ils sont nés d’une volonté des régions d’appuyer de petites entreprises d’avenir ainsi que d’aider leurs PME à investir en innovation et à explorer les marchés extérieurs. Jusqu’à l’an dernier, le travail des OBNL semblait répondre parfaitement aux objectifs du fédéral. Jean-Pierre Blackburn a fait table rase. Plusieurs l’accusent d’agir pour des motifs partisans. Depuis son arrivée au ministère, le député de Jonquière-Alma tient à voir lui-même tous les dossiers. Il ne manque pas d’être présent à chaque conférence de presse. Par exemple, on l’a vu à Rimouski il y a deux semaines annoncer une subvention de 1,6 million destinée au projet de sous-marin du site maritime historique de Pointe-au-Père. Cependant, dans la même région, la Corporation de soutien au développement technologique des PME va perdre l’aide de 400 000$ qu’elle recevait. Qu’est-ce qui est plus porteur pour l’avenir, un vieux sous-marin transformé en attraction touristique ou l’amélioration de la productivité des petites entreprises ? Selon quels critères les projets sont-ils choisis, le développement des régions ou la visibilité du ministre en vue des prochaines élections ? Tous les OBNL ne sont peut-être pas aussi efficaces qu’ils le devraient. Certains dépensent sans doute trop en bureaucratie, en voyages, en activité sociale. Le problème, c’est que M. Blackburn a décidé de sabrer partout plutôt que d’y aller au scalpel suivant une analyse du bilan de chaque organisme. Le ministre fait la sourde oreille à la grogne généralisée qu’a provoquée sa nouvelle politique. Les dirigeants de six organisations importantes du monde économique québécois ne sont même pas parvenus à obtenir une rencontre avec lui. En somme, dans ce dossier crucial pour l’avenir de l’économie québécoise et des régions, Jean-Pierre Blackburn a adopté une approche politicienne, bête et têtue, indigne d’un gouvernement moderne. Source http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20080607/CPOPINIONS03/806070943/5034/CPOPI
  4. When heritage is a rebuke By MARIAN SCOTT, The Gazette November 6, 2010 Yvon Lamothe, former maintenance foreman at St. Julien Hospital, says the vast building where many Duplessis orphans lived and suffered is a landmark that should be saved. Yvon Lamothe cho kes up with emotion when he talks about the vast mental hospital that has loomed over this lakeside village for 138 years. "We had certificates for being the cleanest hospital in Quebec. The hallways shone like a mirror," says Lamothe, 69, a former maintenance foreman at St. Julien Hospital, 200 kilometres east of Montreal, near Thetford Mines. In its heyday from 1940-1970, as many as 1,500 mental patients lived in the red brick asylum that stretches the length of three football fields along the main street. Now, the village of 2,000 is facing a future without the landmark, which closed in 2003. In the next few weeks, the Quebec government will issue a call for tenders to strip out asbestos and demolish the sprawling complex, including a 500-seat auditorium and chapel featuring multi-coloured interior brickwork, hand-forged copper medallions and soaring stained-glass windows. "You can't tear down this building," says Lamothe, who knows every inch of the sprawling complex built between 1917 and 1953 by the Sisters of Charity of Quebec. A previous structure dating to 1872 burned down in 1916. "This is a source of pride in a small place like here," he says. "You could have housing in this building. You could have a university." But Alice Quinton, 72, a patient at St. Julien Hospital from age seven to 23, welcomes the prospect of seeing it demolished. Quinton, who entered the hospital in 1945, was one of thousands of normal children falsely diagnosed as mentally retarded and confined to mental institutions under the reign of Premier Maurice Duplessis from 1936 to 1939 and 1944 to 1959. Advocates for the Duplessis orphans say doctors and religious orders helped perpetrate the fraud to collect federal subsidies for their care. Quinton endured beatings, being tied to metal bedsprings for weeks at a time and given anti-psychotic medications in the hospital for mentally-retarded women. "We were marked for life," says Quinton, now a 72-year-old grandmother in Longueuil whose ordeal is chronicled in a 1991 book by Pauline Gill that brought the orphans' plight to public attention, Les enfants de Duplessis (Editions Libre Expression). In 2004, Quinton received $27,575 under a $58.7-million program to compensate 3,191 Duplessis orphans who endured abuse in mental hospitals and orphanages. But nothing can make up for stolen childhoods in institutions where electroshock, beatings and solitary confinement were routinely meted out as punishment, says Quinton. "That hospital was a curse," she says. But Rod Vienneau of Joliette, a tireless advocate for the Duplessis orphans, suggested that tearing down the hospital will not help their cause. "Once it is torn down and they build apartment blocks, nobody will remember," says Vienneau, who would rather see the building remain as a monument to the orphans. The debate over St. Julien Hospital illustrates how, half a century after Duplessis's death, Quebecers remain conflicted over the legacy of an era when Roman Catholic orders took charge of education, health care and social services. For some, the nuns and brothers who founded schools, orphanages, hospitals and other institutions in every corner of the province were unpaid heroes who succoured society's rejects: the poor, homeless, sick and disabled. For others, they were the foot soldiers of a politico-religious hierarchy that jealously guarded its privileges and punished those who strayed -notably, unwed mothers and their babies. Wherever one stands on that controversy, many people would just as soon erasethememoryof placeslikeSt. Julien Hospital. "I'm very attached to heritage," says Andre Garant, 64, a retired history teacher and prolific author on the history of the neighbouring Beauce region. "But personally, if a building like St. Ferdinand disappears from the map, it wouldn't bother me. It's a black page in the history of Quebec." In 1872, six nuns from the Sisters of Charity of Quebec arrivedinthehamletof St. Ferdinand at the invitation of the local cure, Julien Bernier. They founded a hospice and girls' school, and within a year, 20 patients with intellectual disabilities -then considered an illness -were on their way from the overcrowded provincial asylum in Beauport. By the 1940s, nearly 1,000 patients filled St. Julien's 84-bed dormitories, each overseen by one or two nuns. J.P. Lamontagne, a tall, stern family doctor who practised in St. Ferdinand for 60 years, was medical director at the hospital, which had no psychiatrist. On June 6, 1937, a school bus deposited eight-year-old Albertine Allard at St. Julien. She would not see the outside world again until she was nearly 40. "When I got there, I cried and cried. I shed a lot of tears. After that, I got used to it," says Allard, 82, who now lives with two other former patients in a pleasant foster home overlooking Lake William. Allard believes she was born in Quebec City but doesn't know who her parents were or where they came from. "It was tough at the beginning. If you were bad, they put you in a cell to calm your nerves. I'll tell you the truth, Madame. I was very naughty. You can write that down." Allard's brown eyes dance as she recalls how she and some other children shut a hospital worker in a cupboard. But they become sombre when she remembers the punishments for misbehaving. "There are things we don't like to talk about," says Allard. "I was tied to some springs. No mattress. And then they put a bucket under the springs." Tied on their backs on coil bedsprings, their arms wrapped in a straitjacket, inmates urinated and defecated on the bed. Meals consisted of gruel administered by spoon. The punishment lasted a week or more. "When you get out of there, you have no more courage to play tricks," Allard says. Despite such horrors, she is not bitter. "Sometimes the nuns had to be strict because we were pretty rough," she says. "But I appreciated the nuns because they taught us to work. If we learned to work, it was thanks to them." Those inmates who were able to work scrubbed and waxed floors, darned garments, knit slippers and fed and washed other patients who were unable to care for themselves. Allard sewed mattresses from recycled felt hats, helped out in the electroshock room by helping to hold down subjects and bathed dead bodies. "I told myself, a dead person is less mean than one who's alive," says Allard, demonstrating how she was taught to glue corpses' eyes shut by inserting a folded piece of newspaper under the eyelid. But Myriam Kelly, 77, remains bitter over the abuse she suffered at St. Julien, including electroshock, injections of anti-psychotic drugs, beatings with chains, solitary confinement and ice-water baths followed by beatings with a scrubbing brush. Born to an anglophone family in Quebec City, Kelly lost most of her English after her mother placed her in an orphanage at age three. At six, she was transferred to St. Ferdinand until she was released at age 21 in 1954. "My mother was Protestant, so I came from the devil," says Kelly, the youngest of 12 children whose father died when she was two. Once, she heard a nun batter a small child to death for crying. "I was really martyred," said Kelly, now a Drummondville resident who recounts her sufferings in a book, Memoire desertee (deserted memory), written with Ginette Girard (Feuille-T-on, 2003). In his 2002 memoir Docteur et citoyen (Boreale), late Quebec cabinet minister Denis Lazure, who died in 2008, recalled his days as a young psychiatrist in Quebec asylums where generous use of tranquillizers, straitjackets, isolation cells and electroshock without medication were routine. Doctors injected patients with insulin to induce diabetic comas, from which some never awoke, Lazure wrote. During the Quiet Revolution in the 1960s, lay staff replaced nuns in key positions and employment boomed. When Luc Allaire became a cook at the hospital in 1960, about 150 employees, including 60 nuns, cared for more than 1,400 patients. Within 20 years, the ration of workers to patients had risen to nearly one-on-one. High-functioning patients, like Allard, moved out to rooms in the village but returned to the hospital every day to work and take part in activities. "We were like savages when we left the hospital," says Allard. "People didn't accept us, because they knew we came from St. Julien Hospital. We were the crazies." A 1984 wildcat strike by 717 orderlies caused bitter tensions and a successful class-action suit against the strikers on behalf of patients. The re-drawing of administrative regions in 1993 amputated most of the territory the hospital had formerly served, says Jacques Faucher, 66, a retired social worker who was in charge of deinstitutionalization at the hospital from 1973-1993. "Circumstances worked against us," he says. Patients were transferred to foster homes and other facilities in Thetford Mines and Victoriaville, and the hospital emptied. "When the ministry said the hospital no longer has a health-care vocation, I think they signed the death warrant for the hospital," says Faucher. Behind its low stone wall topped by a wrought iron fence, St. Julien Hospital looks as if it could spring to life at a moment's notice. "You could move in tomorrow," says Annmarie Adams, William C. Macdonald professor of architecture at McGill University. The hospital's monumental facade reads like an inventory of Quebec architecture, Adams notes, from the 1917 convent with its silver cupola at one end to the streamlined 1953 hospital wing at the other. "I think it's a fabulous illustration of the changing history of hospital design in the 20th century. You can almost read it as a timeline from the '20s through to the '50s," Adams says. Razing St. Julien Hospital would be a wasteful blunder, says Adams, who notes that many former asylums elsewhere in North America and in Europe have been recycled as condos, colleges, seniors' complexes and hotels. St. Julien Hospital is in near-perfect condition, Adams notes, in contrast to many of those structures, such as Buffalo's Richardson Olmsted Complex, a former state asylum. "It's like yanking the heart out of the town," Adams said of the demolition plan. But Danielle Dussault, a spokesperson for the Corporation d'hebergement du Quebec (CHQ), the real-estate arm of the province's health and social services ministry, said the agency was unable to find a qualified buyer when it advertised the building in 2008. The government was prepared to give the building away for a dollar if the buyer assumed all costs related to upkeep and was entirely self-financing, she says. "Just the cost of heating and maintaining it is $1.2 million a year -and it's empty," says Dussault. She would not provide estimates on the cost of the multimillion-dollar demolition, which will be spread over three years. Filmmaker Serge Gagne wasamongagroupof St. Ferdinand residents who submitted a bid to acquire the former hospital in 2008. The Cooperative de developpement local de St. Ferdinand (COSODE-LO) proposed to convert the property for housing, cultural activities, a rural research centre and greenhouses. "This is a jewel for the village," says Gagne, who bemoaned that municipal and provincial politicians did little to save the building. "The COSODELO was a social project that would have benefitted people here." The CHQ rejected the proposal from because the project would have required government subsidies. In the rear of the hospital, row after row of grim, caged balconies and a prison-like catwalk stare out over a fenced pool and playground with rusting swings. A peeling summer pavilion strikes a mournful note under a lowering sky. "All is sadness. The vibrations are very powerful," says Andre Bourassa, president of the Quebec Order of Architects and a longtime advocate for saving the hospital. "It is a major social point of reference, a (former) local industry and an architectural landmark," says Bourassa. Negative associations with the Duplessis era are one reason buildings like St. Julien Hospital are underappreciated, says Tania Martin, a Canada Research Chair in Built Religious Heritage and associate professor at of architecture at Universite Laval. "It's the backlash of the Quiet Revolution," she says. Martin says it is senseless to sacrifice the hospital, which is ideal for a large institution like a university or for other purposes like housing or a hotel. "Can't we be more imaginative? Is there a need that this building can respond to?" she asks. "If we're going to look at it from the point of view of sustainable development, the greenest building is the one that is already built," Martin adds. Gagne continues to hope for an 11th-hour reprieve. "Here in Quebec, we say, 'Je me souviens,' but we demolish everything. "This is a witness to our history. To destroy it would be to eliminate part of our history and we don't have the right." [email protected] © Copyright © The Montreal Gazette Read more: http://www.montrealgazette.com/When+heritage+rebuke/3786992/story.html#ixzz14XcJ84E3